Childhood depressive symptoms and adolescent cigarette use: a six-year longitudinal study controlling for peer relations correlates.

OBJECTIVE To examine potential pathways between childhood depressive symptoms and adolescent cigarette use, controlling for potential "third variable" causes. DESIGN Participants included 250 youth (60% girls) who were in Grades 4 to 6 at study outset and in Grades 10 to 12 (M age = 16.78) at a 6-year follow-up. At Time 1, children completed measures of… CONTINUE READING