Childhood conduct problems, attention deficit behaviors, and adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use

  title={Childhood conduct problems, attention deficit behaviors, and adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use},
  author={Michael T Lynskey and David Fergusson},
  journal={Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology},
The relationships between conduct problems and attention deficit behaviors at age 8 years and the use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs at 15 years were studied in a birth cohort of over 900 New Zealand children. The analysis showed that while early conduct problems were significantly associated with later substance use there were no significant associations between early attention deficit behaviors and later substance use once the correlations between conduct problems and attention… 

Childhood predictors of adolescent substance use in a longitudinal study of children with ADHD.

Children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder were prospectively monitored into adolescence to evaluate their risk for elevated substance use relative to same-aged adolescents without ADHD, and persistence of ADHD and adolescent CD were each associated with elevated substanceUse behaviors relative to controls.

Substance Use Among Young Offenders: Thrills, Bad Feelings, or Bad Behavior?

The results lend support to the view that substance use is related to general deviance and that the arousal needs associated with increased ADHD signs increase the risk of substance use.

The role of early childhood ADHD and subsequent CD in the initiation and escalation of adolescent cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use.

Growth in ADHD symptoms accounted for much of the growth in CD symptoms, and consequently, escalating CD symptoms in childhood were viewed as a mediator of the relationship between ADHD and cigarette and marijuana use.

Behavioral Predictors of Substance-Use Initiation in Adolescents With and Without Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

This 4-year longitudinal study captured the onset of substance use, not abuse, in healthy adolescents and in adolescents who have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

Effects of ADHD, conduct disorder, and gender on substance use and abuse in adolescence.

This study found no significant gender differences in the effects of ADHD and conduct disorder on substance use and abuse, although there was some suggestion that girls with ADHD might be at slightly higher risk than boys for substance abuse.

Delinquency, aggression, and attention-related problem behaviors differentially predict adolescent substance use in individuals diagnosed with ADHD.

Children with ADHD who exhibit high rates of delinquency are at risk for later substance use and may require targeted prevention, intervention, and follow-up services.

Child and adolescent psychopathology as risk factors for subsequent tobacco use.

  • R. McMahon
  • Psychology
    Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • 1999
The strongest evidence for connections between child and adolescent psychopathology and subsequent tobacco use is for conduct problems, ADHD, and depression, and there is much weaker support for a connection between anxiety disorders and tobacco use.

Peer socialization to binge drinking in early adulthood: Effects of impulsivity, delinquency and childhood adhd

No prospective longitudinal studies have tested whether and how social networks contribute to alcohol-related outcomes for children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). The current

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder risk for heavy drinking and alcohol use disorder is age specific.

Age specificity in the association with heavy drinking and alcohol use disorder among adolescents and young adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosed in childhood helps to explain prior inconsistencies across previous studies regarding risk for alcohol-related outcomes among children with ADHD.



Conduct Problems and Attention Deficit Behaviour in Middle Childhood and Cannabis Use by Age 15

It is concluded that early conduct disorder behaviours are a risk factor for later cannabis use when due allowance is made for social and contextual factors associated with both early conduct problems andLater cannabis use.

Adolescent drug use and psychological health. A longitudinal inquiry.

Adolescents who had engaged in some drug experimentation were the best-adjusted in the sample, and those who used drugs frequently were maladjusted, showing a distinct personality syndrome marked by interpersonal alienation, poor impulse control, and manifest emotional distress.

Substance use and abuse among children and teenagers.

This selective review of substance use and abuse among children and adolescents covers epidemiology, etiology, and etiology (what generates substance use), prevention, and treatment (interventions with drug users), and consequences (effects and outcomes of youthful drug use).

The effects of conduct disorder and attention deficit in middle childhood on offending and scholastic ability at age 13.

The relationship between conduct disorder and attention deficit behaviours in middle childhood and juvenile offending and academic achievement were examined in a birth cohort of New Zealand children to suggest that early behavioural tendencies are related to later developmental outcomes by two highly correlated but distinct developmental progressions.

A longitudinal study of antisocial behaviors in early adolescence as predictors of late adolescent substance use: gender and ethnic group differences.

  • M. Windle
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1990
Correlations between classes of antisocial behaviors in early adolescents and substance use in late adolescence were of higher magnitude and more uniform for men than for women; for women, property offenses in early adolescence were more highly associated with alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and illicit drug use inLate adolescence than with either status offenses or transgressions against persons.

Natural Histories of Conduct Problems, Delinquency, and Associated Substance Use

In the past, distinctions between subclasses of conduct problems and delinquency were a matter of dispute among scholars in juvenile delinquency and child psychology (American Psychiatric

Longitudinally foretelling drug usage in adolescence: early childhood personality and environmental precursors.

Drug usage in early adolescence (age 14) was related to concurrent and preschool personality characteristics for a sample of 54 girls and 51 boys. The personality concomitants and antecedents of drug