Childhood adoption: long-term effects in adulthood.

@article{Smyer1998ChildhoodAL,
  title={Childhood adoption: long-term effects in adulthood.},
  author={Michael A. Smyer and Margaret Gatz and Neboj{\vs}a Simi and Carsten B{\o}cker Pedersen},
  journal={Psychiatry},
  year={1998},
  volume={61 3},
  pages={
          191-205
        }
}
Clinicians and researchers have characterized early life experiences as permanent and stable influences on the personality and subsequent life experiences of an individual. Recent conceptualizations have suggested that personal and environmental factors influencing development are not deterministic. Multiple pathways into adulthood are possible. Adoption is one potential early life stressor that may illustrate the usefulness of such conceptualizations for assessing long-term effects in… CONTINUE READING

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