Childhood abuse as a risk factor for psychotic experiences

@article{Janssen2004ChildhoodAA,
  title={Childhood abuse as a risk factor for psychotic experiences},
  author={I. Janssen and Lydia Krabbendam and M. Bak and Manon Hanssen and W. A. M. Vollebergh and Ron de Graaf and Jim van Os},
  journal={Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica},
  year={2004},
  volume={109}
}
Objective: To examine the hypothesis that individuals from the general population who report childhood abuse are at increased risk of developing positive psychotic symptoms. 
Sexual Abuse, Paranoia, and Psychosis A Population-Based Mediation Analysis
Cognitive models propose that psychosis may be consequential to threat beliefs which surface following trauma. This study investigated the mediating effect of paranoid ideation on experiences of se...
At Risk for Psychosis
TLDR
Psychiatrists propose a new diagnosis for people who show early signs of a break with reality, and suggest it should be called "break with reality syndrome". Expand
Ethnicity, social disadvantage and psychotic‐like experiences in a healthy population based sample
TLDR
Investigation of the prevalence and social correlates of psychotic‐like experiences in a general population sample of Black and White British subjects found that black subjects had more psychotic-like experiences than white subjects. Expand
Gender Differences in the Physical and Psychological Manifestation of Childhood Trauma and/or Adversity in People with Psychosis
TLDR
The author’s aim has been to contribute towards the humanizing of science by promoting an awareness of the role that science plays in the human experience and in particular in the development of science fiction. Expand
Child sexual abuse and schizophrenia
The authors of a recent study concluded that it ‘gave no support to child sexual abuse being associated with schizophrenic disorders later in life’ ([Spataro et al , 2004][1]). Despite numerousExpand
Women's experiences of childhood sexual abuse and psychosis in adulthood
Pg. 56 Background Literature Pg. 57 Design of the Group Pg. 59 Results Pg. 68 Dissemination Pg. 73 Discussion Pg. 73 Critical Appraisal Pg. 75 References Pg. 80 Appendices Pg. 85
Comparison of first‐episode and chronic patients diagnosed with schizophrenia: symptoms and childhood trauma
There has been considerable interest in identifying and addressing the specific needs of early‐episode patients diagnosed with schizophrenia in the hope that by addressing such needs early, chronicExpand
Mediating role of cognitive biases, resilience and depressive symptoms in the relationship between childhood trauma and psychotic‐like experiences in young adults
TLDR
A hypothetical model where causally linked and ordered cognitive biases, resilience and depressive symptoms serve as mediators of the relationship between early traumatic life events and psychotic‐like experiences in the general population of young adults is tested. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES
Childhood sexual and physical abuse as factors in adult psychiatric illness.
TLDR
The authors explore the usefulness of adult psychological symptoms, diagnoses, and prescribed medications as factors in the identification of patients who have histories of early sexual and physical abuse. Expand
Childhood Trauma and Psychiatric Symptoms
TLDR
The findings support the hypothesis that experience of trauma may precede psychiatric symptoms, perhaps including positive symptoms of schizophrenia, in inpatients who reported childhood physical or sexual trauma. Expand
Schneiderian symptoms and childhood trauma in the general population.
TLDR
Findings indicate that Schneiderian symptoms are highly related to childhood trauma and other dissociative symptoms clusters in the general population, as they are in clinical populations. Expand
Sexual and physical abuse histories and psychiatric symptoms among male psychiatric outpatients.
TLDR
Of 125 consecutive male patients at an adult psychiatric outpatient clinic, 48% reported histories of sexual abuse and/or physical abuse and Childhood abuse was associated with high levels of psychiatric symptoms in these men. Expand
Dissociative symptoms in relation to childhood physical and sexual abuse.
  • J. Chu, D. Dill
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of psychiatry
  • 1990
TLDR
Subjects with a history of childhood abuse reported higher levels of dissociative symptoms than those who did not, and patients with histories of abuse had scores at or above the median score of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder. Expand
Childhood adversity and vulnerability to mood and anxiety disorders
TLDR
Emotional abuse, physical abuse, or sexual abuse (childhood adversity) was found in approximately 35% of patients with major depression and panic disorder, was more common in women than men, and was associated with an earlier onset of symptoms. Expand
The continuity of psychotic experiences in the general population.
TLDR
Evidence for the continuity of psychotic symptoms with normal experiences is reviewed, focusing on the symptoms of hallucinations and delusions, and the theoretical and treatment implications of such a continuum are discussed. Expand
Childhood trauma and hallucinations in bipolar affective disorder: preliminary investigation.
TLDR
A significant association was found between those reporting general trauma and auditory hallucinations in people with bipolar affective disorder and the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and hallucinations in bipolar disorder warrants further investigation. Expand
Persisting Hallucinations following Childhood Sexual Abuse
TLDR
Hallucinations can persist for many years after childhood sexual abuse, and are distinct from hallucinations in schizophrenia though patients have frequently been given that diagnosis. Expand
The clinical phenomenology of multiple personality disorder: review of 100 recent cases.
TLDR
The existence of a clinical syndrome characterized by a core of depressive and dissociative symptoms and a childhood history of significant trauma, primarily child abuse is documents. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...