Childhood Poverty and Health

@article{Evans2007ChildhoodPA,
  title={Childhood Poverty and Health},
  author={Gary W Evans and Pilyoung Kim},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={18},
  pages={953 - 957}
}
  • Gary W Evans, P. Kim
  • Published 1 November 2007
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological Science
A massive literature documents the inverse association between poverty or low socioeconomic status and health, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying this robust relation. We examined longitudinal relations between duration of poverty exposure since birth, cumulative risk exposure, and physiological stress in two hundred seven 13-year-olds. Chronic stress was assessed by basal blood pressure and overnight cortisol levels; stress regulation was assessed by cardiovascular reactivity… 
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Previous studies have provided evidence of the lasting impact of low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood on adulthood health. However, the mediating pathway that links them is still under debate.
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  • Psychology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2013
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Tracking exposure to child poverty during the first 10 years of life in a Quebec birth cohort.
TLDR
Children of non-European, immigrant mothers were most likely to be poor, and there was a higher likelihood of children from single-parent families to live in chronic poverty during the first 10 years of life.
Early adversity and health outcomes in young adulthood: the role of ongoing stress.
TLDR
It is suggested that early adverse conditions have lasting implications for physical health, and that continued exposure to increased levels of both social and nonsocial stress in adolescence, as well as the presence of depression, might be important mechanisms by which early adversity impacts later physical health.
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