Childhood Abuse and Risk of Eating Disorders in Women

  title={Childhood Abuse and Risk of Eating Disorders in Women},
  author={Beth B Rayworth and Lauren Anne Wise and Bernard L. Harlow},
Background: Eating disorders are one of the most common psychiatric disorders among women. Little is known about underlying causes. Methods: To assess the association between childhood violence victimization and eating disorders, we performed a case–control study of women participating in the Harvard Study of Moods and Cycles, a population-based sample of women 36 to 44 years of age. Cases were women who met the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge-eating disorder… 
Childhood abuse and eating disorders in gay and bisexual men.
Clinicians working with gay and bisexual men who have a history of childhood abuse should assess for disordered eating as a potential mechanism to cope with the emotional sequelae associated with abuse.
Child maltreatment and eating disorders among men and women in adulthood: Results from a nationally representative United States sample
Clinicians should be mindful that child maltreatment experiences are associated with increased odds of eating disorders including AN, BED, and BN, although notable gender differences in these relationships exist.
Exploring the Relationships Between Eating Disorders and Mental Health in Women Attending Residential Substance Use Treatment
Women with comorbid substance use issues and EDs are highly likely to have a history of past abuse, which makes treatment and recovery difficult and requires increased awareness and research to explore integrated approaches to treatment.
Childhood trauma as a predictor of eating psychopathology and its mediating variables in patients with eating disorders.
Emotional abuse, physical neglect and sexual abuse were found to be significant predictors of eating psychopathology and depression fully mediated the association between some forms of childhood trauma and Eating psychopathology, while obsessive-compulsion did not mediate this association.
Prevalence and selected correlates of eating disorder symptoms among a multiethnic community sample of midlife women
Data suggest that further examination of the relationship between eating problems and well being in older women is warranted, and high body mass index (or waist circumference), depressive symptoms, past depression, and history of childhood/adolescence abuse were significantly associated with the Binge Eating and Preoccupation with Eating, Shape and Weight subscale scores.
Post-traumatic stress disorder in women with eating disorders
The prevalence of PTSD in this sample of women with ED was low (1.4%), despite a USE rate of 24.5%, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV.
Eating disorders and trauma history in women with perinatal depression.
The prevalence of comorbid eating disorders (ED) and trauma history in women with perinatal depression is examined and screening for histories of eating psychopathology is important in women in this cohort.
Childhood maltreatment in women with binge-eating disorder: Associations with psychiatric comorbidity, psychological functioning, and eating pathology
Although prevalent in women with BED, childhood maltreatment is not generally associated with variability in eating pathology or with psychiatric comorbidity, but is associated with lower self-esteem.
Associations between adverse childhood experiences and clinical characteristics of eating disorders
A dose-effect relationship characterised the number of CT subtypes and the severity of the clinical features, suggesting a consistent and partly independent association between CT and more severe clinical and functional characteristics in EDs.
Relationship between Trauma History and Eating Disorders in Adolescents.
Examining the presence of childhood trauma in relation to ED symptomatology in adolescents using DSM-5 criteria indicated that adolescents high on bulimia nervosa were more likely to have been traumatized victims of violence and Exploratory analyses support prior literature that suggest similarities between adolescents' lack of control of the experienced trauma with lack of Control of ED symptoms.


Childhood abuse, body image disturbance, and eating disorders.
Childhood sexual, physical, and psychological abuse in bulimia nervosa.
The higher rates of psychological, physical, and multiple abuse found among women with a lifetime history of bulimia nervosa than among comparison subjects underscore the importance of examining the full range of possible abusive experiences in women with eating disorders, rather than focusing simply on sexual abuse.
Relationship of childhood sexual abuse and eating disorders.
It is indicated that childhood sexual abuse is a nonspecific risk factor for bulimia nervosa, particularly when there is psychiatric comorbidity, and this relationship is more strongly associated with bulimic disorders than restricting anorexia.
A greater role of emotional than physical or sexual abuse in predicting disordered eating attitudes: the role of mediating variables.
The findings underscore the need to consider a history of emotional trauma as a potentially central factor in any abusive history, and treatment may depend on addressing the psychological consequences of such trauma.
Relationship of childhood sexual abuse and eating disturbance in children.
The results support previous findings with adult subjects which indicate that a history of childhood sexual abuse is associated with weight and body dissatisfaction, along with purging and dietary restriction.
Disordered eating among adolescents: associations with sexual/physical abuse and other familial/psychosocial factors.
The findings suggest that strong familial relationships may decrease the risk for disordered eating among youth reporting abuse experiences, but both sexual and physical abuse are strong independent risk factors for dis ordered eating among both adolescent girls and boys.
Child sexual abuse and bulimic symptomatology: relevance of specific abuse variables.
Childhood sexual abuse and precursors of binge eating in an adolescent female population.
OBJECTIVE We examined the cross-sectional association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and self-reported binge eating in an adolescent female population. METHODS Study subjects were recruited