Child-rearing patterns in depressed, abusive, and normal mothers.

  title={Child-rearing patterns in depressed, abusive, and normal mothers.},
  author={Elizabeth J. Susman and Penelope K. Trickett and Ronald J Iannotti and Barbara E Hollenbeck and Carolyn Zahn-Waxler},
  journal={The American journal of orthopsychiatry},
  volume={55 2},
Child-rearing patterns in relation to discipline, emotion regulation, separation-individuation, and level of aspiration differentiated depressed, abusive, and normal mothers. Depressed and abusive mothers both expressed inconsistency, hostility, and protectiveness. Both groups used anxiety and guilt inducing methods but only abusive mothers used them in conjunction with harsh authoritarian practices. 

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