Child Passenger Safety

@article{Durbin2018ChildPS,
  title={Child Passenger Safety},
  author={Dennis R. Durbin and Benjamin D. Hoffman},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2018},
  volume={142}
}
Despite significant reductions in the number of children killed in motor vehicle crashes over the past decade, crashes continue to be the leading cause of death to children 4 years and older. Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics continues to recommend the inclusion of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health supervision visit. This technical report provides a summary of the evidence in support of 5 recommendations for best practices to optimize safety in passenger… 
8 Citations
Restraint Factors and Child Passenger Deaths in New South Wales, Australia
TLDR
Interventions targeting increasing restraint use and reduction of common ‘use’ errors are needed to prevent further restraint factor-related deaths.
Pediatric Restraint Use and Injury in New York City Taxis Compared with Other Passenger Vehicles
TLDR
Improved data systems, surveillance, and enforcement are needed to improve restraint use and reduce injury in children and teens, particularly those in vehicles-for-hire.
Factors Affecting Death and Severe Injury in Child Motor Vehicle Passengers
Saving children from motor vehicle collisions is a high priority because the injury rate among motor vehicle passengers has been increasing in Japan. This study aimed to examine the factors that
Reducing child restraint misuse: national survey of awareness and use of inspection stations
TLDR
The AACPSIR Survey results suggest a segment of caregivers share a positive safety culture, including knowledge of CPS services and use of those services, which may have the potential to improve child passenger safety.
Preventing injuries must be a priority to prevent disease in the twenty-first century
TLDR
A multi-pronged approach using legislation, advancing safety technology, improving the built environment, anticipatory guidance by clinical providers, and education of caregivers will be necessary to decrease and prevent injuries in the twenty-first century.
Rearward-Facing Infant Child Restraint Systems with Support Legs in Frontal and Frontal-Oblique Impacts
TLDR
The study used sled tests to evaluate the effectiveness of support legs in rearward-facing infant CRS models for frontal and frontal-oblique impacts with and without a simulated front row seatback, which supports the findings of previous studies.
Responses of the scaled pediatric human body model in the rear- and forward-facing child seats in simulated frontal motor vehicle crashes
TLDR
The study shows the potential benefit of rear-facing orientation compared to forward-facing for children up to 4 years of age in a controlled environment.

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