Child Outcomes of Nonabusive and Customary Physical Punishment by Parents: An Updated Literature Review

  title={Child Outcomes of Nonabusive and Customary Physical Punishment by Parents: An Updated Literature Review},
  author={Robert E Larzelere},
  journal={Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review},
  • R. Larzelere
  • Published 2000
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
This article updates the only previous systematic literature review of child outcomes of nonabusive and customary physical punishment by parents. The outcomes differ by methodologic, child, and subcultural factors as well as by how the physical punishment was used. All six studies that used clinical samples (including four randomized clinical studies) and all three sequential-analysis studies found beneficial outcomes, such as reduced noncompliance and fighting, primarily when nonabusive… Expand

Topics from this paper

Physical punishment and long term consequences: the moderating role of parental context
Corporal punishment (CP) is probably the most controversial issue in the literature on parental discipline. Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze if the relation between CP andExpand
The State of Research on the Effects of Physical Punishment
Long considered an effective, and even necessary, means of socialising children, physical punishment has been revealed to be a predictor of a wide range of negative developmental outcomes. The extentExpand
Physical punishment, childhood abuse and psychiatric disorders.
Investigating three categories of increasing severity of childhood adversity to examine whether the childhood experience of physical punishment alone was associated with adult psychopathology, after adjusting for sociodemographic variables and parental bonding dimensions found physical punishment is a mild form of Childhood adversity that shows an association with adult psychopathy. Expand
Comparing Child Outcomes of Physical Punishment and Alternative Disciplinary Tactics: A Meta-Analysis
This meta-analysis investigates differences between the effect sizes of physical punishment and alternative disciplinary tactics for child outcomes in 26 qualifying studies to highlight the need for better discriminations between effective and counterproductive use of disciplinary punishment in general. Expand
Disciplining children is an integral and often necessary aspect of parenting. As research gathers empirical evidence related to the potential psychological outcomes of the use of corporal punishmentExpand
What Is the Link Between Corporal Punishment and Child Physical Abuse?
This study aimed to contribute to the literature on corporal punishment by examining the link between spanking and child physical abuse. First, we examined the extent to which individuals whoExpand
The Effect of Corporal Punishment and Verbal Abuse on Delinquency: Mediating Mechanisms
The results indicated that verbal abuse was a more important predictor of conduct problems than corporal punishment, and the mechanisms that mediated the impact of verbal abuse and corporal punished on conduct problems varied by gender. Expand
Corporal punishment as a determinant of developmental outcomes: Longitudinal and process models
There were two goals of this research: (1) to establish that normative corporal punishment has an impact on children's mental health and the parent-child relationship and (2) to identifyExpand
Parental Discipline and Child Psychosocial Outcomes in Iraq and Kurdistan: Evidence From a Nationally Representative Sample.
It is found that children who were subjected to various forms of violent physical discipline, psychological aggression, and neglectful parenting were more likely to exhibit an array of symptoms of psychosocial disorder, relative to measures of adequate parenting. Expand
Do nonphysical punishments reduce antisocial behavior more than spanking? a comparison using the strongest previous causal evidence against spanking
This study re-analyzes the strongest causal evidence against customary spanking and uses these same methods to determine whether alternative disciplinary tactics are more effective in reducing antisocial behavior and results are consistent with residual confounding. Expand


A review of the outcomes of parental use of nonabusive or customary physical punishment.
There are not enough quality studies that document detrimental outcomes of nonabusive physical punishment to support advice or policies against this age-old parental practice, and more quality research is needed on nonab abusive physical punishment. Expand
Subabusive violence in child rearing in middle-class American families.
This article will summarize the results of our recent study of subabusive violence in child rearing in middle-class families, and will then discuss the implications of the findings for the questionsExpand
Coercion and punishment in long-term perspectives: Corporal punishment in everyday life: an intergenerational perspective
Introduction The influence of parents' disciplinary history on their everyday use of punishment of children has been the topic of much discussion. However, making generalizations on the basis ofExpand
Some consequences of early harsh discipline: child aggression and a maladaptive social information processing style.
It is suggested that the effect of harsh discipline on child aggression may be mediated at least in part by maladaptive social information processing patterns that develop in response to the harsh discipline. Expand
How Parents Discipline Young Children: Cultural Comparisons and Individual Differences.
A study examined how Swedish parents discipline their 1to 6-year-old children. Data were collected from 200 families, using two instruments which were both employed in previous studies: the EASExpand
The role of parental disciplinary practices in the development of depression and alcoholism.
Examination of the relationship between disciplinary practices experienced in childhood, both mild and severe, and the experience of major depressive episodes and alcoholism in adulthood in a general population sample, in whom disorder tends to be untreated and mild is examined. Expand
Correlates and consequences of harsh discipline for young children.
For boys, growing up in an impoverished home was predictive of the greater likelihood of receiving harsh punishment, and girls were found to be vulnerable to persistent harsh discipline and lack of maternal warmth. Expand
Impulsive corporal punishment by mothers and antisocial behavior and impulsiveness of children.
It is suggested that CP is an important risk factor for children developing a pattern of impulsive and antisocial behavior which, in turn, may contribute to the level of violence and other crime in society. Expand
Corporal Punishment by American Parents: National Data on Prevalence, Chronicity, Severity, and Duration, in Relation to Child and Family Characteristics
There is a need for psychology and sociology textbooks to reverse the current tendency to almost ignore CP and instead treat it as a major aspect of the socialization experience of American children and for developmental psychologists to be cognizant of the likelihood that parents are using CP far more often than even advocates of CP recommend. Expand
Sociocultural differences in the developmental consequences of the use of physical discipline during childhood for African Americans.
  • A. Whaley
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology
  • 2000
A review of the literature indicates that the positive association between spanking and child behavior problems is bidirectional for White families, whereas it is the product of reverse causation (i.e., negative child behaviors result in spanking) in Black families. Expand