Chickpea molecular breeding: New tools and concepts

  title={Chickpea molecular breeding: New tools and concepts},
  author={Teresa Mill{\'a}n and Heather J. Clarke and Kadambot H. M. Siddique and Hutokshi K. Buhariwalla and Pooran M. Gaur and Jagdish Kumar and Juan Gil and Guenter Kahl and Peter Winter},
SummaryChickpea is a cool season grain legume of exceptionally high nutritive value and most versatile food use. It is mostly grown under rain fed conditions in arid and semi-arid areas around the world. Despite growing demand and high yield potential, chickpea yield is unstable and productivity is stagnant at unacceptably low levels. Major yield increases could be achieved by development and use of cultivars that resist/tolerate abiotic and biotic stresses. In recent years the wide use of… 
Abiotic stresses, constraints and improvement strategies in chickpea
Emerging ‘omics’ approaches will lead the breeders to mine the ‘treasuring genes’ from wild donors and tailor a genotype harbouring ‘climate resilient’ genes to mitigate the challenges in chickpea production.
Lathyrus improvement for resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses: From classical breeding to marker assisted selection
This paper reviews research work on Lathyrus breeding focusing mainly on biotic and abiotic resistance improvement, and lists current developments in biotechnologies to identify challenges for Lath Cyrus improvement in the future.
Breeding for improved drought tolerance in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Improvement in chickpea germplasm against drought stress could be made by using several breeding approaches, that is introduction, hybridization, mutation breeding, marker-assisted breeding and omic techniques.
Advanced Breeding Approaches for Cold-Tolerant Chickpea and Lentil in Dryland Areas
Chickpea and lentils are the two most economically important food legumes in dryland areas. They are traditionally sown in the spring of cold dryland areas of the Mediterranean regions. Therefore,
An Update on Genetic Modification of Chickpea for Increased Yield and Stress Tolerance
An update on the development of genetically modified chickpea plants, including those resistant to Helicoverpa armigera, Callosobruchus maculatus, Aphis craccivora, as well as to drought and salt stress are provided.
Impact of Genomics on Chickpea Breeding
Development of diagnostic markers or the identification of candidate genes for several traits is essential for greater use of genomic resources in chickpea improvement.
Functional Genomics Prospective of Chickpea Breeding: Constraints and Future Directions
  • Aslam Mm
  • Biology
    Modern Concepts & Developments in Agronomy
  • 2018
The genomics perspective of chickpea, constrains and future directions were reviewed, which covered the early maturing varieties of chick pea which is mature about 85 days and the world earliest maturing variety of Kabuli chickpeA.
The Chickpea Genome
This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers
Characterization and Molecular Mapping of Drought Tolerance in Kabuli Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
It was concluded that chickpea genotypes differed in terms of root length, root length density, root weight density and root length to weight ratio at every 20 cm soil layer up to 100 cm depth in response to water deficits.
Chickpea: Crop Improvement under Changing Environment Conditions
A combination of productivity enhancement through varietal improvement, including biotechnological interventions, and integrated crop management is needed to realize the yield potential of this crop for improving food and nutritional security.


Low-Temperature Stress: Implications for Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Improvement
This review provides a comprehensive account of the current information regarding the tolerance of chickpea to freezing and chilling range temperatures and suggests further screening of both the cultivated and wild Cicer species is required in order to identify superior sources of tolerance.
Development of ESTs from chickpea roots and their use in diversity analysis of the Cicer genus
Gene-based markers have proven to be effective tools for diversity analysis in Cicer and EST diversity analysis may be useful in identifying promising candidates for interspecific hybridization programs.
Viewpoint: Evolution of cultivated chickpea: four bottlenecks limit diversity and constrain adaptation.
It is suggested that an extensive collection of annual wild Cicer species, based on ecogeographic principles to maximise the probability of collecting diverse ecotypes, should provide a better understanding of the biology and adaptation in this ancient crop and lead to improved productivity.
Screening for Adaptation to Drought: Case Studies With Chickpea and Pigeonpea
Water deficits account for nearly 50% of the variation in chickpea and pigeonpea production caused by both biotic and abiotic stress factors. Irrigation is not always practicable to alleviate water
Utilisation of wild Cicer in chickpea improvement — progress, constraints, and prospects
This review discusses the progress towards an understanding of genetic relationships between the Cicer species, and the introgression of genes from the wild Cicerspecies into the cultivated species.
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), a potential grain legume for South-Western Australia: Seasonal growth and yield
The suitability of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as a winter-sown grain crop was evaluated for the Merredin region (310 mm rainfall) in the south-western Australian cereal belt. Few data on
Osmotic Adjustment in Chickpea in Relation to Seed Yield and Yield Parameters
Water potential, osmotic potential, and relative water content decreased progressively with increasing soil moisture stress and age of the crop, regardless of OA groups, and high OA cultivars generally showed an improved plant water status.