Chewing tar in the early Holocene: an archaeological and ethnographic evaluation

  title={Chewing tar in the early Holocene: an archaeological and ethnographic evaluation},
  author={Elizabeth Aveling and Claude H{\'e}ron},
  pages={579 - 584}
In an editorial in 1897, the British Medical Journal (ii: 1112) reported on increase in the ‘disgusting habit’of chewing gum, prepared from rubber or plant resin flavoured with aniseed or peppermint. However, the use of masticants is a much more widespread and long-term behaviour with possible health implications for humans. Here, samples of Mesolithic date from Scandinavia are identified and discussed. 

Defining function in Neolithic ceramics: the example of Makriyalos, Greece

Recent development in chemical analyses of organic remains in archaeological ceramics gives new possibilities to the study of pottery use. They could be of crucial importance in assessing vessel’s

Birch-bark tar at Neolithic Makriyalos, Greece

The authors discuss the first evidence for the use of birch-bark tar on Late Neolithic pottery from Greece. This appears to have been used for two different purposes, to seal a fracture and to line

Evidence for Birch Bark Tar Use as an Adhesive and Decorative Element in Early Iron Age Central Italy: Technological and Socio‐Economic Implications

Archaeological excavations carried out in Early Iron Age Vetulonia (northern Tuscany, Italy) brought to light a funerary urn particularly noteworthy for the presence of an unusual decoration obtained

Maasai Gummivory: Implications for Paleolithic Diets and Contemporary Health1

L'A analyse les plantes gummiferes constituant l'essentiel de l'alimentation de ce peuple pastoral de Afrique Orientale au Paleolithique.

Birch bark tar and jewellery: The case study of a necklace from the Iron Age (Eckwersheim, NE France)

Exploitation of beehive products, plant exudates and tars in Corsica during the early Iron Age

In the northwestern Mediterranean area, the first Iron Age is characterized by intense contacts and cultural interactions between populations. Archaeological remains such as ceramic vessels or metal

The dawn of dentistry in the late upper Paleolithic: An early case of pathological intervention at Riparo Fredian.

Fredian 5 confirms the practice of dentistry-specifically, a pathology-induced intervention-among Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers, and appears that fundamental perceptions of biomedical knowledge and practice were in place long before the socioeconomic changes associated with the transition to food production in the Neolithic.



Betel chewing traditions in South-East Asia

This book offers a unique account of betel chewing as an integral part of daily ritual, and traces the origin of the custom, examines its ingredients and associated paraphernalia, and the significance of its symbolism.

Archaeological frankincense

Frankincense, or olibanum, obtained from trees of the genus Boswellia, is the best known of the aromatic gum resins used throughout the world as incense in religious ceremonies. The earliest

Analysis of archaeological birch bark pitches

Dark lumps, thought to be pitch or resin used for caulking wooden funerary vessels, were excavated from four graves in Finland (dated between 1900 and 2200 BC). Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Chew, chew, that ancient chewing gum

A partir d'une breve presentation de morceaux d'ecorce ou de resine de pin portant des traces de dents, decouverts sur des sites du Mesolithique recent d'Europe septentrionale, l'auteur montre que la

Excavations At Star Carr: An Early Mesolithic Site at Seamer Near Scarborough, Yorkshire

This book was originally published in 1954. Grahame Clark's excavations at Star Carr from 1949 to 1951 have long been regarded as a model of how archaeological investigation should be conducted. In

Palaeolithic Barbed Point from Gransmoor, East Yorkshire, England

An Upper Palaeolithic, uniserially barbed antler point, discovered during excavations of a Devensian Lateglacial sediment sequence in a quarry near Gransmoor, Yorkshire, England, is described. The

Identification of Neolithic hafting adhesives from two lake dwellings at Chalain (Jura, France)

A series of thirty Neolithic hafting adhesives from lake dwellings at Chalain (Jura, France) have been chemically investigated in order to provide a better understanding of their natural origin and

Bitumen as a hafting material on Middle Palaeolithic artefacts

A SCRAPER and a Levallois flake, discovered in the Mousterian levels (dated around 40,000 BC) of the Umm el Tlel site in Syria, were submitted to an organic geochemieal study to identify a black

Fuel for thought? Beeswax in lamps and conical cups from Late Minoan Crete

What was burned in lamps in the prehistoric Mediterranean? Olive oil, as one would first suppose? Analysis of absorbed lipids preserved in the fabric of lamps and conical cups from the Minoan site of