Effect of Sitting Posture on Thoracic Configuration and Changes in Volume of Hemithoraces
- Shōbo A 2 Kakizaki
To estimate diaphragm fiber length from thoracoabdominal configuration, we measured axial motion of the right-sided area of apposition by ultrasonography and volumes displaced by chest wall compartments [pulmonary, abdominal rib cage, and abdomen (Vab)] by optoelectronic plethysmography in four normal men during quiet breathing and incremental exercise without and with expiratory flow limitation. Points at the cephalic area of apposition border were digitized from echo images and mapped into three-dimensional space, and the axial distance from the xyphoidal transverse plane (D(ap)) was measured simultaneously with the volumes. Linear regression analysis between changes (Delta) in D(ap) and the measured volume changes under all conditions showed that 1) DeltaD(ap) was linearly related more to DeltaVab than to changes in pulmonary and abdominal rib cage volumes; and 2) this was highly repeatable between measures. Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that DeltaVab accounted for 89-96% of the variability of DeltaD(ap), whereas the rib cage compartments added <1%. We conclude that, under conditions of quiet breathing and exercise, with and without expiratory flow limitation, instantaneous DeltaD(ap) can be estimated from DeltaVab.