Chemotherapy-associated recurrent pneumothoraces in lymphangioleiomyomatosis.


Lymphangioleiomyomatosis is a rare cause of pneumothorax in women. We present the case of a 48-year-old woman with lymphangioleiomyomatosis, who had never had a pneumothorax prior to commencing chemotherapy for breast cancer. During chemotherapy she developed 3 pneumothoraces and 2 episodes of pneumomediastinum. We suggest that the pneumothoraces were caused by the chemotherapy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of chemotherapy triggering pneumothoraces in a woman with lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

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@article{Kelly2010ChemotherapyassociatedRP, title={Chemotherapy-associated recurrent pneumothoraces in lymphangioleiomyomatosis.}, author={Emer M Kelly and Elaine Ni Mhurchu and Sumainizah Sukor and Timothy J McDonnell and Dimitrios J Tryfonopoulos and Michael P. Keane}, journal={Respiratory care}, year={2010}, volume={55 11}, pages={1491-4} }