Chemotaxonomic characterisation of Sphingomonas

  title={Chemotaxonomic characterisation of Sphingomonas},
  author={Hans-J{\"u}rgen Busse and Peter K{\"a}mpfer and Ewald B. M. Denner},
  journal={Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology},
Based on published results and investigations done for this study, chemotaxonomic characteristics of all validly described species of the genus Sphingomonas, as well as unnamed strains of this genus and related genera such as Rhizomonas and Blastomonas, are presented. All representatives of this group, here designated as sphingomonads, contain ubiquinone (Q-10). The two different polyamine patterns characterized either by the predominant polyamine sym-homospermidine or spermidine separate the… 

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Based upon results obtained by detailed physiological/biochemical testing and previously published molecular evidence, strain W-50(T) was clearly distinguishable from all other Sphingopyxis species, and the creation of a novel species, Sphingopexis witflariensis sp.

Sphingobium olei sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil.

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Sphingomonas fennica sp. nov. and Sphingomonas haloaromaticamans sp. nov., outliers of the genus Sphingomonas.

Two novel species of the genus Sphingomonas are described, for which the names Sphingemonas haloaromaticamans sp.

Sphingomonas sanxanigenens sp. nov., isolated from soil.

Strain NX02(T), a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium, was isolated from soil, and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach, showing that it represents a novel species of the genus Sphingomonas sensu stricto.

Novosphingobium hassiacum sp. nov., a new species isolated from an aerated sewage pond.

The taxonomy of two strains W-51T and W-52 isolated from a wastewater treatment plant was investigated in a polyphasic approach and a clear differentiation from all other Novosphingobium species was possible.

Sphingobium lactosutens sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site and Sphingobium abikonense sp. nov., isolated from oil-contaminated soil.

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Prosthecate sphingomonads: proposal of Sphingomonas canadensis sp. nov.

DNA-DNA hybridization studies supported the differentiation of strain FWC47(T) from S. leidyi by its ability to assimilate l-alanine, maltose and sucrose, by the presence of β-galactosid enzyme and α-chymotrypsin, and the lack of valine arylamidase and β-glucosidase activities.

Sphingomonas phyllosphaerae sp. nov., from the phyllosphere of Acacia caven in Argentina.

A novel species of the genus Sphingomonas is proposed, Spindingomonas phyllosphaerae sp.

Sphingomonas xinjiangensis sp. nov., isolated from desert sand.

A Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, Sphingomonas-like rod, strain 10-1-84(T), was isolated from a sand sample collected from the desert of Xinjiang, China, and represented a novel species of the genus Spingomonas on the basis of phylogenetic analysis and physiological and biochemical characterization.

Sphingomonas histidinilytica sp. nov., isolated from a hexachlorocyclohexane dump site.

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Description of chlorophenol-degrading Pseudomonas sp. strains KF1T, KF3, and NKF1 as a new species of the genus Sphingomonas, Sphingomonas subarctica sp. nov.

Polychlorophenol-degrading bacterial strains KF1T, KF3, and NKF1 are considered members of a new species of the genus Sphingomonas, Spindingomonas subarctica.

Taxonomic study of bacteria isolated from plants: proposal of Sphingomonas rosa sp. nov., Sphingomonas pruni sp. nov., Sphingomonas asaccharolytica sp. nov., and Sphingomonas mali sp. nov.

Four new species of the genus Sphingomonas are proposed on the basis of morphological, physiological, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, together with DNA-DNA hybridization and 16S ribosomal DNA sequence comparison data.

Classification of "Pseudomonas azotocolligans" Anderson 1955, 132, in the genus Sphingomonas as Sphingomonas trueperi sp. nov.

The new name Sphingomonas trueperi is proposed on the basis of these results and previously published data for the G + C content of the genomic DNA and the polyamine pattern.

Polyamine distribution patterns serve as a phenotypic marker in the chemotaxonomy of the Proteobacteria

Polyamines of various genera of the class Proteobacteria were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography to determine if they can serve as taxonomic markers, suggesting the presence of two different polyamine distribution patterns in the alpha subclass.

Discrimination of Members of the Family Pasteurellaceae Based on Polyamine Patterns

The data demonstrate that polyamine patterns are useful for discrimination within the family Pasteurellaceae and confirmed the findings of Dewhirst et al. ( 1993) that H. parainfluenzae is phylogenetically only distantly related to the type species of the genus Haemphilus, Haemophilus influenzae.

Reclassification of Pseudomonas echinoides Heumann 1962, 343AL, in the genus Sphingomonas as Sphingomonas echinoides comb. nov.

The reclassification of [Pseudomonas] echinoides as Sphingomonas e chinoides comb.

Taxonomic study of aromatic-degrading bacteria from deep-terrestrial-subsurface sediments and description of Sphingomonas aromaticivorans sp. nov., Sphingomonas subterranea sp. nov., and Sphingomonas stygia sp. nov.

Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences, DNA-DNA reassociation values, BOX-PCR genomic fingerprinting, differences in cellular lipid composition, and differences in physiological traits all indicated that the five strains represent three previously undescribed Sphingomonas species.

Phylogenetic evidence for Sphingomonas and Rhizomonas as nonphotosynthetic members of the alpha-4 subclass of the Proteobacteria.

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