Chemosterilants for control of reproduction in the eye gnat (Hippelates collusor) and the mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus)

  title={Chemosterilants for control of reproduction in the eye gnat (Hippelates collusor) and the mosquito (Culex quinquefasciatus)},
  author={Mir S. Mulla},
A number of chemical sterilants as well as some antibiotic compounds were evaluated in the laboratory and field for reproduction control in the eye gnat Hippelates collusor (Townsend) and the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Reproduction control here denotes the suppression of fecundity. It is achieved either through the reduction in the number of ova produced or a decrease in their viability, or both. The materials were made available to the adult eye gnat as sugar baits, water… 
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Insect chemosterilants: a review
The gross effects of chemosterilants on insect reproductive systems and also the effects on egg develpment when female insects are mated to che mosterilised males are described, including dominant lethality, reciprocal translocation, enzyme inhibition and sperm inactivation.
Triphenyltin compounds and their degradation products.
  • R. Bock
  • Chemistry, Biology
    Residue reviews
  • 1981
A large number of these compounds, especially of triphenyltin derivatives, have been widely used as pesticides during the last 20 years and the rapidly growing importance of this group has prompted many studies to establish synthetical routes and to test the biochemical behavior.


Effect of Chemosterilants Against the Oriental Fruit Fly, Melon Fly, and Mediterranean Fruit Fly
In tests conducted in Hawaii from 1959 to 1964 both sexes of one or more of 3 species of tephritid flies were sterilized without toxic effects by treating food and water with tcpa, metepa, apholate,
A Method and Results of Screening Insecticides against Adult Hippelates Eye Gnats
Parathion, dicapthon, and ronnel were the most toxic of all compounds tested and organophosphorous compounds were in general more toxic than chlorinated hydrocarbon and carbamate insecticides.
Insect sterilant experiments in outdoor cages with apholate, metepa, and four bifunctional aziridine chemicals against the house fly.
The performance of apholate formulations ranked in this order: liquid and granular baits were most effective; ribbon treatments were slightly better than string; and residual treatments on plywood were least effective; while the use of a humectant on strings and baits improved performance.
Triphenyl Tin Compounds as Insect Reproduction Inhibitors.
Using the house fly, Musca domestica L., as an indicator, numerous triphenyl tin derivatives were found to act as reproduction inhibitors, showing promise for the reproduction control of insects and related species from several orders of arthropods.
Sexual sterilization of insects by aerosol administration of alkylating agents.
  • M. Crystal
  • Biology
    Journal of economic entomology
  • 1965
An aerosol-generating apparatus is described for treating screw-worm flies, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) en masse with chemosterilants and male fertility was impaired to a greater extent than female fertility at a given exposure period.
Resistance to the Chemical Sterilant, Apholate, in Aedes aegypti
Increased resistance to the sterilizing effects of apholate was observed in two colonies of Aedes aegypti (L.) exposed in the larval stage of each generation to concentrations of apholate that
The principles and shortcomings of the radiation-sterilization method which provided the impetus to the search for chemosterilants and thus paved a way for this new and promising insect-control tool are mentioned.
Chemosterilant properties, cytotoxicity, and mammalian toxicity of apholate and other P-N ring chemicals.
Chemosterilant activity in the house fly, Musca domestica L., cytotoxicity to mouse fibroblast cells grown in tissue culture, and acute oral toxicity in mice were determined for a series of P-N ring