Chemosensory pathways in the brainstem controlling cardiorespiratory activity.

  title={Chemosensory pathways in the brainstem controlling cardiorespiratory activity.},
  author={K. M. Spyer and Alexander V. Gourine},
  journal={Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences},
  volume={364 1529},
Cardiorespiratory activity is controlled by a network of neurons located within the lower brainstem. The basic rhythm of breathing is generated by neuronal circuits within the medullary pre-Bötzinger complex, modulated by pontine and other inputs from cell groups within the medulla oblongata and then transmitted to bulbospinal pre-motor neurons that relay the respiratory pattern to cranial and spinal motor neurons controlling respiratory muscles. Cardiovascular sympathetic and vagal activities… CONTINUE READING
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