Chemodectoma is a rare tumor of the neuroendocrinne tissue of the carotid body. In the most of cases is benign (noncancerous), but can have a malignant behave. The authors describe their experience about the surgical treatment of the chemodectoma in years 1995-2001. We treated two cases of this tumor in our department during the period of 6 years. The only one preferred method of care is the surgical removing. Radiation therapy may also be used. (Ref. 11.).