Chemistry and mineralogy of outcrops at Meridiani Planum

@article{Clark2005ChemistryAM,
  title={Chemistry and mineralogy of outcrops at Meridiani Planum},
  author={Benton C. Clark and Richard V. Morris and Scott M. McLennan and Ralf Gellert and Bradley L. Jolliff and Andrew H. Knoll and Steven W. Squyres and Tim K. Lowenstein and Doug W. Ming and Nicholas J. Tosca and Albert S. Yen and Philip R. Christensen and Stephen Gorevan and Johannes Br{\"u}ckner and Wendy M. Calvin and Gerlind Dreibus and William H. Farrand and Goestar Klingelhoefer and Heinrich Waenke and J. Zipfel and James F. Bell and John P. Grotzinger and Harry Y. McSween and Rudolf Rieder},
  journal={Earth and Planetary Science Letters},
  year={2005},
  volume={240},
  pages={73-94}
}
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References

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In Situ Evidence for an Ancient Aqueous Environment at Meridiani Planum, Mars
TLDR
The geologic record at Meridiani Planum suggests that conditions were suitable for biological activity for a period of time in martian history.
Mineralogy at Meridiani Planum from the Mini-TES Experiment on the Opportunity Rover
TLDR
The Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer on Opportunity investigated the mineral abundances and compositions of outcrops, rocks, and soils at Meridiani Planum, finding Bounce rock is dominated by clinopyroxene and is close in inferred mineral composition to the basaltic martian meteorites.
Hematite on the Surface of Meridiani Planum and Gusev Crater
Meridiani Planum was selected as a landing side for the Rover Opportunity because of an indication of hematite observed from orbit. Meridiani Planum consists of sorted sands with aeolian features
Jarosite and Hematite at Meridiani Planum from Opportunity's Mössbauer Spectrometer
Mössbauer spectra measured by the Opportunity rover revealed four mineralogical components in Meridiani Planum at Eagle crater: jarosite- and hematite-rich outcrop, hematite-rich soil,
Formation of the hematite-bearing unit in Meridiani Planum: Evidence for deposition in standing water
[1] The most plausible models for the origin and evolution of a unique geologic unit in Meridiani Planum, Mars, are low-temperature precipitation of Fe oxides/oxyhydroxides from standing water,
Hydration state of the Martian coarse‐grained hematite exposures: Implications for their origin and evolution
[1] The discovery of areas of bulk gray hematite on the surface of Mars is among the most interesting of the results from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS). The individual outcrops are concentrated in
An integrated view of the chemistry and mineralogy of martian soils
TLDR
It is shown that bright dust deposits on opposite sides of the planet are part of a global unit and not dominated by the composition of local rocks, and Nickel abundances are enhanced at the immediate surface and indicate that the upper few millimetres of soil could contain up to one per cent meteoritic material.
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