Chemically directed assembly of photoactive metal oxide nanoparticle heterojunctions via the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition "click" reaction.

Abstract

Metal oxides play a key role in many emerging applications in renewable energy, such as dye-sensitized solar cells and photocatalysts. Because the separation of charge can often be facilitated at junctions between different materials, there is great interest in the formation of heterojunctions between metal oxides. Here, we demonstrate use of the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction, widely referred to as "click" chemistry, to chemically assemble photoactive heterojunctions between metal oxide nanoparticles, using WO(3) and TiO(2) as a model system. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy verify the nature and selectivity of the chemical linkages, while scanning electron microscopy reveals that the TiO(2) nanoparticles form a high-density, conformal coating on the larger WO(3) nanoparticles. Time-resolved surface photoresponse measurements show that the resulting dyadic structures support photoactivated charge transfer, while measurements of the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue show that chemical grafting of TiO(2) nanoparticles to WO(3) increases the photocatalytic activity compared with the bare WO(3) film.

DOI: 10.1021/nn203585r

7 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Cardiel2012ChemicallyDA, title={Chemically directed assembly of photoactive metal oxide nanoparticle heterojunctions via the copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition "click" reaction.}, author={Allison C Cardiel and Michelle C Benson and Lee M. Bishop and Kacie M Louis and Joseph C Yeager and Yizheng Tan and Robert J Hamers}, journal={ACS nano}, year={2012}, volume={6 1}, pages={310-8} }