Chemical-retroviral cooperative carcinogenesis and its molecular basis in NIH/3T3 cells.


We demonstrate in this study that infection with Moloney murine leukemia virus (M-MLV) and exposure to 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) can cooperate to transform NIH/3T3 mouse fibroblasts. M-MLV seems to stimulate the expression of c-myc and of a certain major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I gene. Yet M-MLV infection by itself is insufficient to… (More)