Chemical regulation on fire: rapid policy advances on flame retardants.

  title={Chemical regulation on fire: rapid policy advances on flame retardants.},
  author={Alissa Cordner and Margaret Mulcahy and Phil Brown},
  journal={Environmental science \& technology},
  volume={47 13},
Chemicals that are widely used in consumer products offer challenges to product manufacturers, risk managers, environmental regulators, environmental scientists, and the interested public. However, the factors that cause specific chemicals to rise to the level of regulatory, scientific, and social movement concern and scrutiny are not well documented, and scientists are frequently unclear about exactly how their research impacts policy. Through a case study of advocacy around flame retardant… 
A multisector alliance approach to environmental social movements: flame retardants and chemical reform in the United States
Research on environmental social movements often focuses on movements that target a limited spectrum of policy outcomes and that mobilize primarily around a relatively narrow swath of environmental
Firefighters and Flame Retardant Activism
Why firefighters are increasingly concerned about their exposure to flame retardant chemicals in consumer products is described, and their involvement in state and national environmental health coalitions is analyzed.
Non-stick science: Sixty years of research and (in)action on fluorinated compounds
The risks of PFASs have been both structurally hidden and unexamined by existing regulatory and industry practice, revealing the uneven pathways that construct issues of social and scientific concern.
Flame retardant contamination and seafood sustainability
A growing body of evidence for chemical contamination in seafood has raised concerns about the safety of seafood consumption. Available data also indicate that some fishery stocks that are
Brominated flame retardants: Recommendation for different listing under the Hong Kong Convention.
  • J. Čulin
  • Medicine, Business
    The Science of the total environment
  • 2018
It is suggested that based on a precautionary approach, the inclusion of all classes of BFRs in IHM is warranted.
Returning Chemical Exposure Results to Individuals and Communities
Biomonitoring and personal exposure assessments – measurements in people’s blood, urine, breast milk, and other tissues, or in household dust, air, or other personal space – are vital tools for
Measured Concentrations of Consumer Product Chemicals in California House Dust: Implications for Sources, Exposure, and Toxicity Potential.
The results strive to provide more comprehensive chemical profiles of house dust and identified information gaps for future health studies.
Interlaboratory study of novel halogenated flame retardants: INTERFLAB
An international interlaboratory study assessing analytical capabilities as well as the accuracy and precision of results for a range of flame retardants demonstrated good precision within replicates of test mixtures from individual laboratories, but problematic accuracy for several FRs and laboratories.
Collaborative Frame Construction in Social Movement Campaigns: Bisphenol-A (BPA) and Scientist–Activist Mobilization
Previous research has explored the definitional features of the processes of scientific expert activism but has been less clear regarding the dynamics of this scientific activism. This paper
Distribution, Toxic Potential, and Influence of Land Use on Conventional and Emerging Contaminants in Urban Stormwater Pond Sediments
  • J. Crane
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
    Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
  • 2019
Multivariate statistical analyses verified that updated B[a]P equivalents were an effective chemical proxy for making management decisions about excavated pond sediment, and jurisdictions that do not test their stormwater pond sediments prior to maintenance dredging should consider the environmental ramifications.


Lessons learned from flame retardant use and regulation could enhance future control of potentially hazardous chemicals.
Policy changes applicable to oversight of chemicals in general are recommended: examining classes of chemicals rather than individual ones, assessing alternative methods and materials, product labeling, and stronger regulation.
Is risk-based regulation feasible? The case of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).
It is shown that the emergence and resolution ofPBDEs as a risk issue was strongly shaped by path dependency, political entrainment (inter-institutional conflict unrelated to PBDEs), and partisan lawmaking, raising the question of whether risk-based principles are capable of being the foundation on which managing the potential for harm can be based.
Halogenated Flame Retardants: Do the Fire Safety Benefits Justify the Risks?
  • S. Shaw
  • Medicine
    Reviews on environmental health
  • 2010
Examination of major uses and known toxic effects of commonly-used organohalogen flame retardants, replacements for those that have been phased out, their combustion by-products, and their effectiveness at reducing fire hazard concludes that flammability regulations can cause greater adverse environmental and health impacts than fire safety benefits.
Environmental politics and science: the case of PBB contamination in Michigan.
  • M. Reich
  • Sociology, Medicine
    American journal of public health
  • 1983
How politics and science interacted against a background of uncertainty to shape policy in the case of environmental contamination by polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) in Michigan is examined.
Why the toxic substances control act needs an overhaul, and how to strengthen oversight of chemicals in the interim.
The flaws in the Toxic Substances Control Act are analyzed and ways in which the EPA might better position itself to manage chemical risks and protect the public's health are suggested.
Brominated flame retardants: cause for concern?
Scientific issues associated with the use of tetrabromobisphenol A, hexabromocyclodododecane, and three commercial mixtures of polybrominated diphenyl ethers are reviewed and data gaps are discussed.
Toxic ignorance and right-to-know in biomonitoring results communication: a survey of scientists and study participants
Public deliberation about communication in personal exposure assessment research suggests that new forms of community-based research ethics and participatory scientific practice are emerging.
This research focuses on the uncertainty that arises in measuring people's exposure to flame retardants through testing of their personal environments or bodies, and identifies four sources of ethical concerns relevant to scientific uncertainty.
Unwelcome Guest: PBDEs in Indoor Dust
  • K. Betts
  • Biology, Medicine
    Environmental health perspectives
  • 2008
PentaBDE and octaBDE are now candidates for inclusion in the United Nation’s Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), which globally bans chemical substances that bioaccumulate through the food web and pose a risk to humans and the environment.
Endocrine disrupting chemicals in indoor and outdoor air.
This paper summarizes reported indoor and outdoor air concentrations, chemical use and sources, and toxicity data for each of these chemical classes.