Chemical modulation of M13 bacteriophage and its functional opportunities for nanomedicine


M13 bacteriophage (phage) has emerged as an attractive bionanomaterial owing to its genetically tunable surface chemistry and its potential to self-assemble into hierarchical structures. Furthermore, because of its unique nanoscopic structure, phage has been proposed as a model system in soft condensed physics and as a biomimetic building block for structured functional materials. Genetic engineering of phage provides great opportunities to develop novel nanomaterials with functional surface peptide motifs; however, this biological approach is generally limited to peptides containing the 20 natural amino acids. To extend the scope of phage applications, strategies involving chemical modification have been employed to incorporate a wider range of functional groups, including synthetic chemical compounds. In this review, we introduce the design of chemoselective phage functionalization and discuss how such a strategy is combined with genetic engineering for a variety of medical applications, as reported in recent literature.

DOI: 10.2147/IJN.S73883

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@inproceedings{Chung2014ChemicalMO, title={Chemical modulation of M13 bacteriophage and its functional opportunities for nanomedicine}, author={Woo-Jae Chung and Doe-Young Lee and So Young Yoo}, booktitle={International journal of nanomedicine}, year={2014} }