Chemical investigations of wolf (Canis lupus) anal-sac secretion in relation to breeding season

@article{Raymer2004ChemicalIO,
  title={Chemical investigations of wolf (Canis lupus) anal-sac secretion in relation to breeding season},
  author={J. Raymer and Donald Wiesler and Milos V. Novotny and Cheryl S. Asa and Ulysses S. Seal and L. David Mech},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
  year={2004},
  volume={11},
  pages={593-608}
}
The volatile constituents of wolf anal-sac secretions were examined via capillary gas chromatography and compared among intact males, females, castrate males, ovariectomized females, and anosmic and pinealectomized males and females. Some chemical compounds were deemed significantly different (t test, 95% confidence level) among the groups both during and outside of the mating season, implying that the volatile components of anal-sac secretion can be used to communicate information regarding… 

Identification of 2-phenylethanol with a rose-like odor from anal sac secretions of the small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus)

TLDR
Results indicate that 2-phenylethanol is a female-specific volatile compound of anal sac secretions in small Indian mongooses, and it may be useful as an ingredient of mongoose-specific scent lures.

Identification of Volatiles from the Secretions and Excretions of African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus)

Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used to identify 103 organic compounds from urine, feces, anal glands, and preputial glands of free-ranging African wild dogs, Lycaon pictus. Aliphatic acids

Volatile components of anal gland secretion of aardwolf (Proteles cristatus)

Volatile constituents of the anal gland secretion and of scent marks of the aardwolf were identified using dynamic solvent effect sampling, capillary gas-liquid chromatography, and mass spectrometry.

Brown bears possess anal sacs and secretions may code for sex

TLDR
The results confirm that brown bears possess anal sacs, that secretions likely relay information about sex, and suggest other chemical information critical to the bears' social system is encoded in the AGS.

Identification and evaluation of semiochemicals for the biological control of the beetle Omorgus suberosus (F.) (Coleoptera: Trogidae), a facultative predator of eggs of the sea turtle Lepidochelys olivacea (Eschscholtz)

TLDR
The data presented are the first to demonstrate effective massive capture of O. suberosus using an attractant-based trapping method and have potential for the development of an efficient mass trapping method for control of this beetle as part of efforts towards conservation of L. olivacea.

Putative chemosignals of the ferret (Mustela furo) associated with individual and gender recognition.

TLDR
It is suggested that ferrets may use urine marking for sex and individual recognitions, and most of the major compounds in anal glands were not present in urine, which suggests that urine may convey specific signals that differ from those of anal glands.

Olfactory discrimination of anal sac secretions in the domestic cat and the chemical profiles of the volatile compounds

TLDR
The results suggest that cats utilize short-chain free fatty acids emitted from anal sac secretions to obtain scent information for individual recognition rather than species or sex recognition.

Bacteria isolated from Bengal cat (Felis catus × Prionailurus bengalensis) anal sac secretions produce volatile compounds potentially associated with animal signaling

TLDR
It is shown that the bacterial community in the anal sac consists primarily of only a few abundant taxa and that isolates of these taxa produce numerous volatiles that are found in the combined anal sac volatile profile.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES

Volatile constituents of wolf (Canis lupus) urine as related to gender and season

TLDR
The volatile constituents of wolf urine were examined via capillary gas chromatography and compared among male, female, and castrate male to identify compounds associated with the gender of the animal and many displayed a seasonal dependence.

Anal sac secretion of the red fox,Vulpes vulpes; volatile fatty acids and diamines: Implications for a fermentation hypothesis of chemical recognition

TLDR
Secretion samples could not be unambiguously assigned to particular foxes on the basis of simple comparisons of volatile fatty acid profiles alone and composition differences were noted between secretions obtained at a given time from corresponding right and left sacs.

Identification of some volatile compounds in the odor of fecal pellets of the rabbit,Oryctolagus cuniculus

TLDR
A study has been made of the volatile constituents in the vapors collected from fecal pellets of wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus, to indicate the presence of compounds which may be of behavioral significance.

Secretion and secretory tissues of the anal sac of the mink,Mustela vison

TLDR
The sulfur-rich anal sac secretion of the mink,Mustela vison, consisted of immiscible lipid and aqueous phases, and a major input of sulfur into the sac appeared to be associated with glycoprotein granules present in the apical portions of the apocrine cells as X-ray energy probe microanalysis showed these to contain relatively high levels of sulfur.

Deposition of Anal-Sac Secretions by Captive Wolves (Canis lupus)

TLDR
Deposition of anal-sac secretions by captive wolves was investigated by a labelling technique using protein-bound iodine125 and food dye, suggesting a dual role in communication by these substances.

Mammalian Chemical Communication: Perineal Gland Secretion of the Guinea Pig

Most mammals have a highly developed olfactory sense which they employ in social communication, using chemical signals originating in urine, feces, genital secretions, saliva, and cutaneous scent

Human Vaginal Secretions: Volatile Fatty Acid Content

TLDR
Women on oral contraceptives had lower amounts of volatile acids and did not show any rhythmic changes in acid content during the menstrual cycle, suggesting these same substances possess sex-attractant properties in other primate species.