Chemical ecology of fruit defence: synergistic and antagonistic interactions among amides from Piper

  title={Chemical ecology of fruit defence: synergistic and antagonistic interactions among amides from Piper},
  author={Susan R. Whitehead and M. Deane Bowers},
  journal={Functional Ecology},
Summary 1. Although ripe, fleshy fruits function primarily to attract seed dispersers, they must also be defended against diverse communities of seed predators and pathogens. For some plants, the concentration and diversity of secondary metabolites in fruits can exceed that of leaves and other plant parts, but little is known about the functional significance of the suites of compounds found in fruits. Fruit secondary metabolites may function in defence, or they may play a variety of other… 

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