Chemical composition of the atmosphere of Venus

@article{Krasnopolsky1981ChemicalCO,
  title={Chemical composition of the atmosphere of Venus},
  author={Vladimir A. Krasnopolsky and V. A. Parshev},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1981},
  volume={292},
  pages={610-613}
}
Measurements onboard the Venera 11, 12 (refs 1–4) and Pioneer Venus5,6 spacecrafts stimulated us to study the chemical composition of the subcloud atmosphere of Venus in terms of the thermochemical equilibrium calculations, comparison of typical mixing and chemical times and a rule of height-independent element mixing ratio in the absence of condensation7. The photochemistry of the atmosphere down to 50 km was calculated using transport effects and number densities of CO2, H2O, HCl, SO2 and CO… 
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[1] We have constructed standard low and high solar activity models of the Venus thermosphere, which take into account revised rate coefficients for production and loss processes for C and C+,
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