Chemical composition and variability of the volatile components from inflorescences of Cirsium species.

Abstract

The present study aimed to investigate the chemical composition of the essential oils of inflorescences Cirsium spp. (Asteraceae) by GC/MS method. Essential oils were extracted from the inflorescences of Cirsium pannonicum (Link), Cirsium ligulare Boiss., Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill., Cirsium acaule (L.) Scop., Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop., Cirsium dissectum (L.) Hill., Cirsium decussatum (Janka) and Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop., using the steam distillation method. A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was employed for the analysis of essential oils. Our study shows the differences in chemical composition of volatile oils in the inflorescences of Cirsium spp. The main components of the essential oil were ketones and aldehydes with a long carbon side-chain. Volatile oils also contained small amounts of terpenes: thymol, β-linalool, eugenol, carvacrol and fatty acids with odd number of carbon atoms-waxes. The compounds in the essential oils obtained from inflorescences Cirsium L. species have been identified for the first time.

DOI: 10.1080/14786419.2015.1010165

Cite this paper

@article{Kozyra2015ChemicalCA, title={Chemical composition and variability of the volatile components from inflorescences of Cirsium species.}, author={Małgorzata Kozyra and Marek Mardarowicz and Joanna Kochmańska}, journal={Natural product research}, year={2015}, volume={29 20}, pages={1942-4} }