Chemical composition and carcinogenicity of smokeless tobacco.

  title={Chemical composition and carcinogenicity of smokeless tobacco.},
  author={Dietrich Hoffmann and Mirjana V. Djordjevic},
  journal={Advances in dental research},
  volume={11 3},
In the United States, smokeless tobacco (ST) is marketed as chewing tobacco and as oral snuff. During the past 15 years, consumption of chewing tobacco has declined by 30.6%, whereas snuff use has significantly increased, namely, by 51.8%. This increase is primarily due to the growing popularity of oral snuff use among teenage and young adolescent males. Chewing of tobacco is associated with an increased risk for oral cancer. Snuff dipping is causally and specifically associated with cancer of… CONTINUE READING