Chemical characterization of element 112

@article{Eichler2007ChemicalCO,
  title={Chemical characterization of element 112},
  author={Robert Eichler and Nikolay V. Aksenov and A. V. Belozerov and Gospodin A Bozhikov and V. I. Chepigin and Sergey N. Dmitriev and R. Dressler and Heinz Walter G{\"a}ggeler and V. A. Gorshkov and F. Haenssler and Mikhail G. Itkis and Andreas Laube and V. Ya. Lebedev and O. N. Malyshev and Yu. Ts. Oganessian and O. V. Petrushkin and Dave Piguet and P. Rasmussen and S. V. Shishkin and Alexander Shutov and A. I. Svirikhin and Evgeny E. Tereshatov and Grigory K. Vostokin and Maciej Węgrzecki and A. V. Yeremin},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2007},
  volume={447},
  pages={72-75}
}
The heaviest elements to have been chemically characterized are seaborgium (element 106), bohrium (element 107) and hassium (element 108). All three behave according to their respective positions in groups 6, 7 and 8 of the periodic table, which arranges elements according to their outermost electrons and hence their chemical properties. However, the chemical characterization results are not trivial: relativistic effects on the electronic structure of the heaviest elements can strongly… 
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Chemical investigation of hassium (element 108)
TLDR
Evidence that the chemical properties of hassium and its lighter homologue osmium are similar is provided, thus confirming that hassio exhibits properties as expected from its position in group 8 of the periodic table.
Chemical characterization of bohrium (element 107)
TLDR
The chemical separation and characterization of six atoms of element 107 (bohrium, Bh), in the form of its oxychloride, is reported, finding that this compound is less volatile than the oxychlorides of the lighter elements of group VII, thus confirming relativistic calculations that predict the behaviour of bohrium to coincide with that expected on the basis of its position in the periodic table.
Chemical properties of element 106 (seaborgium)
The synthesis, via nuclear fusion reactions, of elements heavier than the actinides, allows one to probe the limits of the periodic table as a means of classifying the elements. In particular,
Intermetallic compounds of the heaviest elements: the electronic structure and bonding of dimers of element 112 and its homolog Hg
Abstract Fully relativistic (four-component) density-functional calculations were performed for the element 112 dimers (112)X (X = Pd, Cu, Ag and Au) and those of its lighter homolog, Hg. A
Chemical identification and properties of element 112
Summary We present results of the second experiment on the chemical identification of element 112. Similar to the first test in 2000, we aimed at the production of the spontaneously fissioning 283112
Relativistic effects on experimentally studied gas-phase properties of the heaviest elements
Abstract Influence of relativistic effects on atomic properties and volatility of element 112 and its homolog Hg has been studied using results of relativistic atomic and molecular calculations.
Attempts to chemically investigate element 112
Summary Two experiments aiming at the chemical investigation of element 112 produced in the heavy ion induced nuclear fusion reaction of 48Ca with 238U were performed at the Gesellschaft für
First attempt to chemically identify element 112
The first attempt to chemically identify one of the recently discovered long-lived isotopes of superheavy elements, namely 283112 (3 min, SF), made at FLNR, Dubna is reported. The nuclide was
The chemistry of the superheavy elements. I. Pseudopotentials for 111 and 112 and relativistic coupled cluster calculations for (112)H+, (112)F2, and (112)F4
One- and two-component (spin–orbit coupled) relativistic and nonrelativistic energy adjusted pseudopotentials and basis sets for the elements 111 and 112 are presented. Calculations on the positively
Transition energies of mercury and ekamercury (element 112) by the relativistic coupled-cluster method.
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TLDR
The relativistic coupled-cluster method is used to calculate ionization potentials and excitation energies of Hg and element 112, as well as their mono- and dications, and no bound states were found for the anions of the two atoms.
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