Chemical characterization of a family of brain lipids that induce sleep.

@article{Cravatt1995ChemicalCO,
  title={Chemical characterization of a family of brain lipids that induce sleep.},
  author={Benjamin F. Cravatt and Oscar E Prospero-Garcia and Gary Siuzdak and Norton B. Gilula and Steven J. Henriksen and Dale L. Boger and Richard A. Lerner},
  journal={Science},
  year={1995},
  volume={268 5216},
  pages={
          1506-9
        }
}
A molecule isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of sleep-deprived cats has been chemically characterized and identified as cis-9,10-octadecenoamide. Other fatty acid primary amides in addition to cis-9,10-octadecenoamide were identified as natural constituents of the cerebrospinal fluid of cat, rat, and human, indicating that these compounds compose a distinct family of brain lipids. Synthetic cis-9,10-octadecenoamide induced physiological sleep when injected into rats. Together, these results… 

The sleep inducing factor oleamide is produced by mouse neuroblastoma cells.

It is shown for the first time that oleamide is produced by a neuronal cell type and that its biosynthesis in intact neurons is not likely to occur through the direct condensation of oleic acid and ammonia.

Molecular characterization of an enzyme that degrades neuromodulatory fatty-acid amides

It is shown that oleamide hydrolase may serve as the general inactivating enzyme for a growing family of bioactive signalling molecules, the fatty-acid amides6–8, and the structure and sleep-inducing properties of cis-9-octadecenamide, a lipid isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of sleep-deprived cats are reported.

Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel amides of polyunsaturated fatty acids with dopamine.

Oleamide: a fatty acid amide signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system?

A physiological role for oleamide in the heart and circulation has yet to be demonstrated, as has production by cells of the cardiovascular system, but this molecule has a range of actions that could give it considerable modulatory power.
...

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