Chemical basis of nitrogen recovery through the ureide pathway: formation and hydrolysis of S-ureidoglycine in plants and bacteria.

@article{Serventi2010ChemicalBO,
  title={Chemical basis of nitrogen recovery through the ureide pathway: formation and hydrolysis of S-ureidoglycine in plants and bacteria.},
  author={Fabio Serventi and Ileana Ramazzina and Ilaria Lamberto and V. Puggioni and R. Gatti and R. Percudani},
  journal={ACS chemical biology},
  year={2010},
  volume={5 2},
  pages={
          203-14
        }
}
While some organisms, including humans, eliminate oxidized purines to get rid of excess nitrogen, for many others the recovery of the purine ring nitrogen is vital. In the so-called ureide pathway, nitrogen is released as ammonia from allantoate through a series of reactions starting with allantoate amidohydrolase (AAH), a manganese-dependent enzyme found in plants and bacteria. We report NMR evidence that the true product of the AAH reaction is S-ureidoglycine, a nonstandard alpha-amino acid… Expand
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