Chemical and biological properties of mycobactins isolated from various mycobacteria.

  title={Chemical and biological properties of mycobactins isolated from various mycobacteria.},
  author={Glenn A. Snow and A. J. Campbell White},
  journal={The Biochemical journal},
  volume={115 5},
Nine different strains of mycobacteria grown on media deficient in iron all produced mycobactins. Most strains produced one mycobactin in great preponderance. Mycobacteria from clearly distinct taxonomic groups gave mycobactins differing in the structure of their nuclei. One group of taxonomically related mycobacteria produced mycobactins having the same nucleus but with different distributions of side chains within the homologous mixtures. Simple methods are described for identifying… Expand
Mycobactins as chemotaxonomic characters for some rapidly growing mycobacteria.
Thin-layer chromatography used alone offers a simple but adequate means of characterization and final identification of the producing mycobacterium, indicating them to be strongly conserved molecules showing intra-species consistency and thus suitable for use as chemotaxonomic characters of high discriminatory power. Expand
Mycobactin analysis as an aid for the identification of Mycobacterium fortuitum and Mycobacterium chelonae subspecies
100% of the strains of both species can be characterized on the basis of mycobactin patterns, and within the biochemically M. fortuitum and M. chelonae strains that did not fit any subspecies on the based of biochemical test results, C1, C2, and A1 patterns were found. Expand
Mycobacterium marinum produces distinct mycobactin and carboxymycobactin siderophores to promote growth in broth and phagocytes
This study identifies and characterises the M. marinum MBT and cMBT siderophores and reveals the requirement of mycobactins for extra‐ and intracellular growth of the pathogen. Expand
Structure of mycobactin J
Mycobactin J-1, an iron chelate fromMycobacterium paratuberculosis, was characterized by mass spectrum and by1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and13C NMR spectra of the parent molecule and ofExpand
A History of Iron Metabolism in the Mycobacteria
The review focuses mainly on the research work carried out over the last century leaving the present work on iron uptake to be covered in other reviews in this monograph. Expand
Iron transport in Mycobacterium smegmatis: the role of mycobactin.
A mechanism whereby mycobactin operates as a carrier for iron across the lipid envelope of theMycobacteria is described, and both compounds will be at their highest concentrations at the two lipid-water interfaces of the cell envelope: the outer and inner surfaces. Expand
The Use of Spectroscopic Techniques in the Characterization of Mycobacterial Metabolites
The mycobacterial cell wall metabolites have always imposed great challenges to researchers due to their unusual complexity and structural diversity. A lot of research efforts have been directedExpand
Salicylic acid biosynthesis and its control in Mycobacterium smegmatis.
Synthesis of salicylic acid has been studied in washed cell suspensions and cell-free extracts of Mycobacterium smegmatis grown under iron-deficient conditions and the trivial name salicylate synthetase is proposed for the enzyme catalysing the final step from isochorismate. Expand
Rhodotorulic Acid from Species of Leucosporidium, Rhodosporidium, Rhodotorula, Sporidiobolus, and Sporobolomyces, and a New Alanine-Containing Ferrichrome from Cryptococcus melibiosum
The taxonomic significance of production of hydroxamic acids is described in connection with the position of these yeast species in the subclass Heterobasidiomycetidae. Expand
The physiology of the mycobacteria.
  • C. Ratledge
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Advances in microbial physiology
  • 1976
The chapter discusses physiology to cover not only the mycobacterial cell, its structure and organization, but also the properties that the organisms must have—first to enable them to survive once having gained entry to a host, and secondly to bring about the various changes that are subsequently manifested in the host. Expand