Chemical and Biological Protection and Detection in Fabrics for Protective Clothing

  title={Chemical and Biological Protection and Detection in Fabrics for Protective Clothing},
  author={Heidi L. Schreuder-Gibson and Quoc Tien Truong and John E. Walker and Jeffery R. Owens and Joseph D. Wander and Wayne E. Jones},
  journal={Mrs Bulletin},
Military, firefighter, law enforcement, and medical personnel require high-level protection when dealing with chemical and biological threats in many environments ranging from combat to urban, agricultural, and industrial. Current protective clothing is based on full barrier protection, such as hazardous materials (HAZMAT) suits, or permeable adsorptive protective overgarments, such as those used by the U.S. military. New protective garment systems are envisioned that contain novel features… 

Overview of protective clothing

The technological developments have exposed people to greater risks and danger of being affected by unknown physical, chemical, and biological attacks. One such currently relevant danger is from

Advances and applications of chemical protective clothing system

Protection is obligatory for the safety of people in certain occupations where they might be exposed to hazardous chemicals. This review provides an overview of chemical protective clothing, along

Protective Clothing Based on Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes

Recently, researchers have focused on the development of specialized protective clothing used to protect military personnel and emergency responders when they are at risk of exposure to chemical or

Recent Trends in Protective Textiles against Biological Threats: A Focus on Biological Warfare Agents

The rising threats to worldwide security (affecting the military, first responders, and civilians) urge us to develop efficient and versatile technological solutions to protect human beings.

Advances in materials for chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) protective clothing

Abstract: Chemical, biological and nuclear (CBN) threats are still a major challenge faced by civilized nations. As these threats have become unconventional these days, solutions to tackle them

The use of nanomaterials in smart protective clothing

Abstract: Conventional materials used in protective clothing and textile applications are discussed as well as the replacement of activated carbon in protective clothing by nanoparticles, in

Preparation and Chemical Protective Clothing Application of PVDF Based Sodium Sulfonate Membrane

In this study, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) based sodium sulfonate membranes with different ion exchange capacities (IECs) are prepared simply from low-cost materials and show that membranes with IEC in the range of 1.5–2 mmol g−1 have high selectivities of water vapor permeation over CWA simulant vapor permeations and good mechanical properties.

Functional nanofibers in clothing for protection against chemical and biological hazards

Functional nanofibers have great potential to improve protection against chemical and biological warfare agents. This chapter reviews the history of chemical and biological warfare and existing

Smart barrier membranes for protective clothing

Abstract: As a way to protect against dermal exposure to chemical and biological hazards, barrier materials have been designed to be used in protective clothing. However, several problems remain; for

Preparation of Polymer Composite Selective Permeable Membrane with Graphene Oxide and Application for Chemical Protective Clothing

Chemical warfare agents (CWA) can poison people through the skin and cause injury, and the use of chemical protective clothing (CPC) is an important way to protect personnel from injury. CPC



Antimicrobial treatment of nylon

The preparation of an antimicrobial nylon material and its properties are discussed and it is shown that the nylon fabrics containing N-chlorinated hydantoin functional groups should find a variety of important uses such as in clothing, carpets, sutures, brushes, and so forth.

Fiber optic chemical sensors using a modified conducting polymer cladding

A new class ofsensors has been designed and prepared based on replacing the original cladding material on a small section of an optical fiber with a conducting polymer or other environmentally

Protective textile materials based on electrospun nanofibers

Electrospinning is a process for making extremely fine submicron fiber by a process of charging polymer solutions to thousands of volts. This method of manufacturing man-made fibers has been known

Nanoscale Powders and Formulations with Biocidal Activity Toward Spores and Vegetative Cells of Bacillus Species, Viruses, and Toxins

Certain formulations of nanoscale powders possess antimicrobial properties, and when these ultrafine powders contact vegetative cells of Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, or Bacillus globigii, over 90% are killed within a few minutes.

Chemical deposition of conducting polymers

Bioaffinity Sensors Based on Conducting Polymers: A Short Review

The development of new electrode materials has expanded the range and classes of detectable compounds using electroanalytical methods. Conducting electroactive polymers (CEPs) have been demonstrated