Chemical Scent Constituents in the Urine of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) During the Winter Season

@article{Jorgenson1978ChemicalSC,
  title={Chemical Scent Constituents in the Urine of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) During the Winter Season},
  author={James W. Jorgenson and Milos V. Novotny and Marvin Carmack and G. B. Copland and S. R. Wilson and Steven K. Katona and Wesley K. Whitten},
  journal={Science},
  year={1978},
  volume={199},
  pages={796 - 798}
}
Four volatile chemical compounds have been identified as apparently unique constituents in urines of red foxes (both sexes) during the winter season when mating occurs. Quinaldine was found only in male fox urine. Several other compounds identified are found in other species also. Some or all of these compounds may function in olfactory communication in the red fox. 
Variation in the Levels of Some Components of the Volatile Fraction of Urine from Captive Red Foxes (Vulpes Vulpes) and Its Relationships to the State of the Animal
The use of natural compounds to affect the behavior of mammals may offer a specific method to aid the control of pest or disease carrying species without adversely affecting non-target species. The
Induction of marking behavior in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) by synthetic urinary constituents
A control aqueous solution containing alcohol and polyethylene glycol, and a test solution with the addition of a mixture of eight volatile synthetic compounds identified in red fox urine, Were
Volatile scent chemicals in the urine of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes
TLDR
The urinary scent chemistry of fox urine may represent a highly evolved system of semiochemicals for communication between foxes and canids.
Chemical scent constituents in urine of wolf (Canis lupus) and their dependence on reproductive hormones
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Investigation of volatile components of castrated male and ovariectomized female wolf urine showed that many of these compounds could be used to communicate gender as well as reproductive status.
Response of captive male red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) to some conspecific odors
TLDR
Captive male red foxes were allowed access to urine and anal sac secretions collected from both familiar and unfamiliar foxes of both sexes, and unfamiliar male urine elicited a longer investigation time and was urine-marked more frequently than other stimulus odors.
Marking Behavior in Wild Red Foxes in Response to Synthetic Volatile Urinary Compounds
TLDR
The second category of olfactory cues in foxes, i.e., other redfoxes, is examined here.
Identification of some volatile compounds in the odor of fecal pellets of the rabbit,Oryctolagus cuniculus
TLDR
A study has been made of the volatile constituents in the vapors collected from fecal pellets of wild rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus, to indicate the presence of compounds which may be of behavioral significance.
Feeding responses of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) to volatile constituents of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) urine
TLDR
Investigation of the influence of the volatile constituents of red fox urine in suppressing feeding by snowshoe hares on coniferous tree seedlings indicated that the odor of fox urine and its principal component, 3-methyl-3-butenyl methyl sulfide, had a negative effect on feeding behavior of hares.
Volatile constituents of wolf (Canis lupus) urine as related to gender and season
TLDR
The volatile constituents of wolf urine were examined via capillary gas chromatography and compared among male, female, and castrate male to identify compounds associated with the gender of the animal and many displayed a seasonal dependence.
Some volatile constituents of female dog urine
TLDR
The volatile compounds from female beagle urine, across the state of estrus, were examined by headspace gas chromatography and mass spectrometry and nine minor constituents, including trimethyl amine and five disulfides, were identified.
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