Chemical Scent Constituents in the Urine of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) During the Winter Season

  title={Chemical Scent Constituents in the Urine of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) During the Winter Season},
  author={James W. Jorgenson and Milos V. Novotny and Marvin Carmack and G. B. Copland and S. R. Wilson and Steven K. Katona and Wesley K. Whitten},
  pages={796 - 798}
Four volatile chemical compounds have been identified as apparently unique constituents in urines of red foxes (both sexes) during the winter season when mating occurs. Quinaldine was found only in male fox urine. Several other compounds identified are found in other species also. Some or all of these compounds may function in olfactory communication in the red fox. 

Variation in the Levels of Some Components of the Volatile Fraction of Urine from Captive Red Foxes (Vulpes Vulpes) and Its Relationships to the State of the Animal

The use of natural compounds to affect the behavior of mammals may offer a specific method to aid the control of pest or disease carrying species without adversely affecting non-target species. The

Induction of marking behavior in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) by synthetic urinary constituents

A control aqueous solution containing alcohol and polyethylene glycol, and a test solution with the addition of a mixture of eight volatile synthetic compounds identified in red fox urine, Were

Chemical scent constituents in urine of wolf (Canis lupus) and their dependence on reproductive hormones

Investigation of volatile components of castrated male and ovariectomized female wolf urine showed that many of these compounds could be used to communicate gender as well as reproductive status.

Response of captive male red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) to some conspecific odors

Captive male red foxes were allowed access to urine and anal sac secretions collected from both familiar and unfamiliar foxes of both sexes, and unfamiliar male urine elicited a longer investigation time and was urine-marked more frequently than other stimulus odors.

Marking Behavior in Wild Red Foxes in Response to Synthetic Volatile Urinary Compounds

The second category of olfactory cues in foxes, i.e., other redfoxes, is examined here.

Feeding responses of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) to volatile constituents of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) urine

Investigation of the influence of the volatile constituents of red fox urine in suppressing feeding by snowshoe hares on coniferous tree seedlings indicated that the odor of fox urine and its principal component, 3-methyl-3-butenyl methyl sulfide, had a negative effect on feeding behavior of hares.

Volatile constituents of wolf (Canis lupus) urine as related to gender and season

The volatile constituents of wolf urine were examined via capillary gas chromatography and compared among male, female, and castrate male to identify compounds associated with the gender of the animal and many displayed a seasonal dependence.

Some volatile constituents of female dog urine

The volatile compounds from female beagle urine, across the state of estrus, were examined by headspace gas chromatography and mass spectrometry and nine minor constituents, including trimethyl amine and five disulfides, were identified.

Identification of volatile components of bobcat (Lynx rufus) urine

Bobcat (Lynx rufus) urine reduces scent-marking activity of woodchucks and feeding activity of snowshoe hares and deer, and semiochemicals responsible for these behavior modifications are identified.

Partial chemical characterization of urinary signaling pheromone in tree shrews (Tupaia belangen)

The results show that chinning is elicited by several lipophilic urine fractions, which are more effective in combination than alone, and that the male-specific scent signal of tree shrews is based less on a single unique component than on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of a multicomponent mixture.



Dihydroactinidiolide in the supracaudal scent gland secretion of the red fox

Preliminary gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric data are presented indicating the presence of dihydroactinidiolide (I) and related compounds in this secretion of the supracaudal scent gland of the red fox and the significance of this finding is discussed.

The aerobic bacterial flora of the anal sac of the red fox.

High-resolution gas-chromatographic analysis of the volatile constituents of body fluids, with use of glass capillary columns.

Trace volatile constituents of human urine, serum, and cerebrospinal fluid were concentrated on a porous polymer precolumn, and resolved with high-efficiency glass capillary columns. Thin-film glass

Some analytical aspects of the chromatographic headspace concentration method using a porous polymer

SummaryCompounds of different chemical type can be concentrated on a precolumn containing thermostable 2,6-diphenyl-p-phenylene oxide porous polymer and transferred to a gas chromatographic column.

Untersuchungen über den sterischen Verlauf säure‐katalysierter Cyclisationen bei terpenoiden Polyenverbindungen. 1. Mitteilung. Cyclisation der 7,11‐Dimethyl‐2(trans), 6(trans), 10‐dodecatrien‐und der 7, 11‐Dimethyl‐2(cis), 6(trans), 10‐dodecatrien‐säure

Es wurden die im Titel genannten stereoisomeren Triensauren bzw. deren Methylester dargestellt und der Verlauf ihrer saure-katalysierten Cyclisation untersucht. Im System Ameisensaure- Schwefelsaure


Tetrahedron Lett

  • (1967), p.
  • 1623