Chemical Mimicry as an Integrating Mechanism: Cuticular Hydrocarbons of a Termitophile and Its Host

  title={Chemical Mimicry as an Integrating Mechanism: Cuticular Hydrocarbons of a Termitophile and Its Host},
  author={Ralph W. Howard and C. A. McDaniel and Gary J Blomquist},
  pages={431 - 433}
The staphylinid beetle Trichopsenius frosti Seevers has the same cuticular hydrocarbons as those of its host termite Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and it biosynthesizes them. These cuticular hydrocarbons probably serve as the primary mechanism by which Trichopsenius frosti integrates itself into the termite colony. 

Roles of cuticular hydrocarbons in intra-and interspecific recognition behavior of two rhinotermitidae species

A bioassay using live workers to test contact chemical cues was developed and soldiers of two termite species,eticulitermes speratus andoptotermes formosanus, showed aggressive behavior toward workers of other species.

Interspecific recognition among termites of the genusReticulitermes: Evidence for a role for the cuticular hydrocarbons

The epicuticular signature was found to be mainly present in the apolar fraction of the cuticular extracts, which contained only hydrocarbons, are determined by GC/MS techniques.

Termitariophily: expanding the concept of termitophily in a physogastric rove beetle (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)

1. Termitophily in some rove beetles is commonly attributed to the striking termite worker resemblance that is provided by the beetles' hypertrophic (‘physogastric’) abdomen. However, a termite nest

Are Cuticular Hydrocarbons Involved in Speciation of Fungus-Growing Termites (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae)?

The results indicate that cuticular hydrocarbons are at least one factor involved in nestmate recognition and might act as a defense strategy against inquilines, however, they do not play a major role during speciation events of higher termites; the situation in lower termites probably differs.

Mimicry of Host Cuticular Hydrocarbons by Salticid Spider Cosmophasis bitaeniata That Preys on Larvae of Tree Ants Oecophylla smaragdina

Gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry data indicate that the qualitative chemical mimicry of ants by C. bitaeniata allows the spiders to avoid detection by major workers of O. smaragdina.

Chemical mimicry in a parasitoid (Hymenoptera: Eucharitidae) of fire ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Gas Chromatographic profiles of hexane soaks of various stages of the parasite and host suggest that during development within the ant colony the parasite acquires the colony odor of the host through a passive mechanism, based on simple contact and other social interactions.

Chemical Usurpation of a Nest by Paper Wasp Parasites

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry showed that the paper wasp Polistes atrimandibularis can switch on and off an entire chemical family, namely, the unsaturated hydrocarbons, during the colonial cycle.

Chemical Mimicry in the Myrmecophilous Beetle Myrmecaphodius excavaticollis

The myrmecophilus beetle Myrmecaphodius excavaticollis (Blanchard) was found to have species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons acquired-from one of its hosts, the ant Solenopsis richteri Forel. Removal

Cuticular Lipids as a Cross-Talk among Ants, Plants and Butterflies

  • F. Barbero
  • Biology
    International journal of molecular sciences
  • 2016
The role of CHCs in fostering multilevel relationships among ants, plants and Lepidoptera (primarily butterflies) and basic concepts of myrmecophilous interactions and chemical deception strategies together with chemical composition, biosynthetic pathways and functions ofCHCs as molecular cues of multitrophic systems are provided.



Muting Behavior of Trichopsenius frosti: Physogastric Reticulitermes flavipes Queens Serve as Sexual Aggregation Centers

The host-specific termitophile Trichopsenius frosti Seevers mates only on the bodies of physogastric Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) queens. Courtship was more complex and prolonged on neotenic than

A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.

The lipid decomposition studies in frozen fish have led to the development of a simple and rapid method for the extraction and purification of lipids from biological materials that has been applied to fish muscle and may easily be adapted to use with other tissues.

The Insect Societies (Harvard

  • 1971

Chemistry and biochemistry of insect waxes.

Table 1. tion. (Banks) possesses caste-and species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons (unpublished)

    We thank N. Konig for excellent technical assistance