Chemical Mimicry as an Integrating Mechanism: Cuticular Hydrocarbons of a Termitophile and Its Host

  title={Chemical Mimicry as an Integrating Mechanism: Cuticular Hydrocarbons of a Termitophile and Its Host},
  author={Ralph W. Howard and C. A. McDaniel and Gary J Blomquist},
  pages={431 - 433}
The staphylinid beetle Trichopsenius frosti Seevers has the same cuticular hydrocarbons as those of its host termite Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and it biosynthesizes them. These cuticular hydrocarbons probably serve as the primary mechanism by which Trichopsenius frosti integrates itself into the termite colony. 
Congruent cuticular hydrocarbons: Biochemical convergence of a social wasp, an ant and a host plant
Abstract The social wasp, Parachartergus aztecus , was shown to possess the same cuticular hydrocarbon composition as the ant, Pseudomyrmex ferrugineus . This identicalness of surface lipids is
Roles of cuticular hydrocarbons in intra-and interspecific recognition behavior of two rhinotermitidae species
A bioassay using live workers to test contact chemical cues was developed and soldiers of two termite species,eticulitermes speratus andoptotermes formosanus, showed aggressive behavior toward workers of other species.
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The epicuticular signature was found to be mainly present in the apolar fraction of the cuticular extracts, which contained only hydrocarbons, are determined by GC/MS techniques.
Termitariophily: expanding the concept of termitophily in a physogastric rove beetle (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)
1. Termitophily in some rove beetles is commonly attributed to the striking termite worker resemblance that is provided by the beetles' hypertrophic (‘physogastric’) abdomen. However, a termite nest
Are Cuticular Hydrocarbons Involved in Speciation of Fungus-Growing Termites (Isoptera: Macrotermitinae)?
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Gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry data indicate that the qualitative chemical mimicry of ants by C. bitaeniata allows the spiders to avoid detection by major workers of O. smaragdina.
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Gas Chromatographic profiles of hexane soaks of various stages of the parasite and host suggest that during development within the ant colony the parasite acquires the colony odor of the host through a passive mechanism, based on simple contact and other social interactions.
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Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry showed that the paper wasp Polistes atrimandibularis can switch on and off an entire chemical family, namely, the unsaturated hydrocarbons, during the colonial cycle.
Chemical Mimicry in the Myrmecophilous Beetle Myrmecaphodius excavaticollis
The myrmecophilus beetle Myrmecaphodius excavaticollis (Blanchard) was found to have species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons acquired-from one of its hosts, the ant Solenopsis richteri Forel. Removal
Cuticular Lipids as a Cross-Talk among Ants, Plants and Butterflies
  • F. Barbero
  • Biology, Medicine
    International journal of molecular sciences
  • 2016
The role of CHCs in fostering multilevel relationships among ants, plants and Lepidoptera (primarily butterflies) and basic concepts of myrmecophilous interactions and chemical deception strategies together with chemical composition, biosynthetic pathways and functions ofCHCs as molecular cues of multitrophic systems are provided.


Muting Behavior of Trichopsenius frosti: Physogastric Reticulitermes flavipes Queens Serve as Sexual Aggregation Centers
The host-specific termitophile Trichopsenius frosti Seevers mates only on the bodies of physogastric Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) queens. Courtship was more complex and prolonged on neotenic than
Structures of the cuticular hydrocarbons of the termite Zootermopsis angusticollis (Hagen)
Abstract The structures of the cuticular hydrocarbons of the termite Zootermopsis angusticollis were investigated. The major hydrocarbon components consist of homologous series of n- alkanes ,
A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.
The lipid decomposition studies in frozen fish have led to the development of a simple and rapid method for the extraction and purification of lipids from biological materials that has been applied to fish muscle and may easily be adapted to use with other tissues.
The Insect Societies (Harvard
  • 1971
Chemistry and biochemistry of insect waxes.
Table 1. tion. (Banks) possesses caste-and species-specific cuticular hydrocarbons (unpublished)
We thank N. Konig for excellent technical assistance