Chemical Castration as an Evolving Concept: Is It a Possible Solution for Sexual Offences?

@article{pr2020ChemicalCA,
  title={Chemical Castration as an Evolving Concept: Is It a Possible Solution for Sexual Offences?},
  author={Mazlum Ç{\"o}p{\"u}r and Sidar Ç{\"o}p{\"u}r},
  journal={The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry \& Psychology},
  year={2020},
  volume={32},
  pages={326 - 351}
}
ABSTRACT As growing criminal offences, sexual offences defined by any sexual behavior lacking clear consent, creates significant morbidity, psychiatric comorbidities, adjustment disorders and mortality worldwide. Criminal laws vary between countries while use of chemical castration methods such as hormonal therapies or surgical castration techniques has been implemented in multiple states and countries while number of countries implemented castration methods have increased rapidly in recent… 

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 128 REFERENCES
Physical and Chemical Castration of Sex Offenders: A Review.
ABSTRACT Castration, or removal of the testes, has been documented throughout history, occurring for a variety of social, punishment, and medical reasons. Currently, both “physical” and “chemical”
Castration laws: Marching towards imperfect justice
TLDR
The failed Oregon castration experiment and Moldova Court verdict in July 2013 indicate that the stage is set to right this wrong and the associated health hazards with anti-libido drugs put a question mark on such State sponsored penal response.
Pharmacological treatment of sexually aggressive forensic psychiatric patients
TLDR
It seems fair to conclude that in cases posing a high risk of re-offending into hands-on sexual crimes, anti-androgen medication can be effective in combination with regular cognitive-behavioural treatment.
The pharmacologic treatment of problematic sexual interests, paraphilic disorders, and sexual preoccupation in adult men who have committed a sexual offence
TLDR
All participants agreed that continuing international collaboration would be very useful for the development of ethical international prescribing guidelines, as well as pooling data from studies on the efficacy and utility of pharmacological and other biological treatments for people who have committed sexual offences.
Castration for sex offenders: Treatment or punishment? A review and critique of recent European literature
TLDR
There is no scientific or ethical basis for castration in the treatment of sex offenders, according to this review of the recent European literature on surgical castration.
[Antiandrogenic pharmacotherapy of sexual offenders and home leave steps in the forensic psychiatric hospital Berlin].
TLDR
The contemporaneous implementation of a new pharmacotherapeutic treatment option (LHRH-agonists) and an aggravation of the German criminal law for sexual offenders are discussed.
Pharmacological treatment of sexual offenders in German outpatient treatment centers
TLDR
Assessment of the prevalence of pharmacological sexual offender treatment in German outpatient treatment centers supervising mainly clients from the correctional sector suggests that pharmacological treatment of paraphilic fantasies and behaviors could be of great importance in the correctionalsector as well.
Sadistic Homosexual Pedophilia Treatment with Cyproterone Acetate
  • A. J. Cooper
  • Medicine, Biology
    Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie
  • 1987
TLDR
Almost identical case treated with Medroxyprogesterone Acetate which is structurally similar to CPA and generally considered to be equipotent and pharmacologically equivalent is reported.
Long-term follow-up of 60 incarcerated male sexual offenders pharmacologically castrated with a combination of GnRH agonist and cyproterone acetate
TLDR
Cessation of treatment with the combination of a GnRH agonist and cyproterone acetate was not associated with higher recidivism to any crime, but the risk of a new sexual offense was seven times higher among those who stopped treatment, compared to those who continued it.
...
...