Checkmate? The role of gender stereotypes in the ultimate intellectual sport.

  title={Checkmate? The role of gender stereotypes in the ultimate intellectual sport.},
  author={Anne Maass and C D'Ettole and Mara Cadinu},
  journal={European Journal of Social Psychology},
Women are surprisingly underrepresented in the chess world, representing less that 5% of registered tournament players worldwide and only 1% of the world's grand masters. In this paper it is argued that gender stereotypes are mainly responsible for the underperformance of women in chess. Forty-two male–female pairs, matched for ability, played two chess games via Internet. When players were unaware of the sex of opponent (control condition), females played approximately as well as males. When… 

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