Charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in central Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[S(NN)] = 2.76 TeV.

@article{Aamodt2010ChargedparticleMD,
  title={Charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in central Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt[S(NN)] = 2.76 TeV.},
  author={Kathrine Aamodt and B I Abelev and Arian Abrahantes Quintana and D. Adamova and Andrew Marshall Adare and Munish Aggarwal and Gianluca Aglieri Rinella and Andreas Gabor Agocs and Saul Aguilar Salazar and Zubayer Ahammed and Arshar Ahmad Masoodi and Naveel Ahmad and Sukhee Ahn and Alexandre Akindinov and Dimitry Aleksandrov and B Alfaro-Molina Alessandro and Rafael A. Molina and Andrea Alici and A. and Alkin and E. Almar{\'a}z Avi{\~n}a and Torsten Alt and Valerio Altini and Sedat Altinpinar and Igor Altsybeev and Claudia Andrei and Anton Andronic and Vladimir A. Anguelov and Cristina Ans{\'o}n and T. Anti{\vc}i{\'c} and Federico Antinori and P. Arthur Antonioli and Laurent Bernard Aphecetche and Harald Appelsh{\"a}user and Nicolas Arbor and Silvia Arcelli and Andreas Arend and N'estor Armesto and Roberta Arnaldi and Tobias Aronsson and Iulian Constantin Arsene and Armen Asryan and A Frans Augustinus and Ralf Peter Averbeck and Terry C. Awes and Juha Ayst{\"o} and Mohd. Danish Azmi and Martin Bach and Alison Badala and Yong Wook Baek and Stefano Bagnasco and Raphaelle Marie Bailhache and Renu Bala and Rinaldo Baldini Ferroli and Alberto Baldisseri and Adriant Baldit and Fernando Dos Santos Pedrosa and J. B{\'a}n and Roberto Barbera and Francesco Barile and Gergely G{\'a}bor Barnaf{\"o}ldi and Lee Stuart Barnby and Victoria Murphy Barret and Jerzy Gustaw Bartke and Mariateresa Basile and Nicole Bastid and Bastian Bathen and Guillaume Batigne and Boris Batyunya and Cl{\'e}ment Baumann and Ian G. Bearden and Hans Joachim Beck and I. P. Belikov and Fabio Bellini and Rene Bellwied and Ernesto Belmont-Moreno and S. Beol{\`e} and I. Berceanu and Alexandru Bercuci and E. Berdermann and Ya.A. Berdnikov and Chuck Bergmann and Latchezar Betev and Anju Bhasin and Ashok Kumar Bhati and Luciana Bianchi and Nicola Bianchi and Chiara Bianchin and Jaroslav Bielcik and Jana Bielcikova and Ana Bilandzic and Emanuele Biolcati and Aurelian Blanc and F Blanco and Diane S. Blau and Claas Blume and Marco Boccioli and Nicolas Bock and Aleksei Bogdanov and Henrik B{\o}ggild and M Y Bogolyubsky and L. Boldizs{\'a}r and Maria Bombara and Carlo Bombonati and J Gedney Book and Herve Borel and Alexander Borissov and Claudio Bortolin and Soumyajit Bose and Francesco Bossu and Michiel Botje and Stefan Boettger and B{\'e}atrice Boyer and Peter Braun-Munzinger and Larissa Bravina and Marco Bregant and Timo Breitner and Miroslav Broz̆ and Raymond Brun and Elena Bruna and Giuseppe Eugenio Bruno and Dmitry Budnikov and Henner Buesching and K. A. Bugaiev and Oliver Busch and Ziyanda Buthelezi and Davide Caffarri and Xiangmei Cai and H. L. Caines and Ernesto Calvo Villar and Paolo Camerini and Veronica Canoa Roman and Giovanni Cara Romeo and Franco Carena and W. and Carena and Federico Carminati and A. Casanova D{\'i}az and Michele Caselle and J. Castillo Castellanos and Vasile Catanescu and Costanza Cavicchioli and J. Cepila and Piergiorgio Cerello and Baorong Chang and Sylvain Chapeland and J. L. Charvet and Sukalyan Chattopadhyay and Marianne Cherney and Cvetan Cheshkov and Brigitte Cheynis and Elisa Chiavassa and V. Chibante Barroso and David D. Chinellato and P. Chochula and Mikolaj Chojnacki and Panagiotis Christakoglou and Christian Holm Christensen and Peter Christiansen and Toshiki Chujo and Corrado Cicalo and Luisa Cifarelli and Federico Cindolo and J. Cleymans and Fabrizio Coccetti and J-P Coffin and Silvia Coli and Gustavo Conesa Balbastre and Z. Conesa del Valle and Peter Constantin and Giuliana Contin and Jes{\'u}s Guillermo Contreras and Thomas Michael Cormier and Yasser Corrales Morales and Ismael Cortes Maldonado and Philippi Cortese and Mauro R. Cosentino and Filippo Costa and Manuel Enrique Cotallo and Elisabetta Crescio and Philippe Crochet and Eleazar Cuautle and Let'icia Cunqueiro and Geremia d' Erasmo and Andrea Dainese and Hans Hjersing Dalsgaard and Alvien Danu and Diptarka Das and Indranil Das and Khokan Kanti Das and Arpita Dash and Sagar Kumar Dash and Sankar De and Andrea De Azevedo Moregula and G. O. V. de Barros and Alain De Caro and G. de Cataldo and J. de Cuveland and Alicia De Falco and D. De Gruttola and Natasha De Marco and S. De Pasquale and R De Remigis and Rijk de Rooij and Pawel R. Debski and Eduardo Del Castillo Sanchez and Hugues Delagrange and Ydalia Delgado Mercado and Giuseppe Dellacasa and A. Deloff and Vjacheslav Demanov and Ervin Denes and Airton Deppman and D. Di Bari and C. Di Giglio and S. Di Liberto and A. Di Mauro and P. Di Nezza and Thomas Dietel and Roberto Divia and Oeystein Djuvsland and Andrei Dobrin and Tomasz Dobrowolski and Inmaculada Escudero Dom{\'i}nguez and Benjamin D{\"o}nigus and O. Dordic and Olga Driga and Awadhesh Kumar Dubey and J. Dubuisson and Laurent Ducroux and Pascal Dupieux and M. R. Dutta Majumdar and Mihir Ranjan Dutta Majumdar and Davide Elia and David Philip Emschermann and Heiko Engel and Hege Austrheim Erdal and B. Espagnon and Mark J. Estienne and Shunichi Esumi and Darin L Evans and S M Evrard and Gyulnara Eyyubova and Christian Wolfgang Fabjan and Daniela Fabris and J. Faivre and Davide Falchieri and Alessandra Fantoni and Markus Fasel and Roger Fearick and A. G. Fedunov and Dominik Fehlker and Veronika Fekete and D. Felea and Grigory Feofilov and A. Fern{\'a}ndez T{\'e}llez and Alessandro Ferretti and Raphael Ferretti and Janusz Figiel and Marcel Araujo Silva Figueredo and S. V. Filchagin and Roberto Fini and D. Finogeev and Fiorella Maria Celeste Fionda and Enrichetta Maria Fiore and Michele Floris and Silvia F{\"o}rtsch and Panagiota Foka and SergeiI. Fokin and Enrico Fragiacomo and Michail G. Fragkiadakis and U. Frankenfeld and Ulrich Fuchs and Fabrizio Furano and Christophe Furget and Mario Fusco Girard and Jens J{\o}rgen Gaardh{\o}je and S{\'e}bastien Gadrat and Martino Gagliardi and Alberto M. Gago and Mauro Gallio and D. R. Gangadharan and Paraskevi Ganoti and Murthy S. Ganti and C. Garabatos and Eduardo Garc{\'i}a-Sol{\'i}s and Irakli Garishvili and Roberto Gemme and Jochen Gerhard and Michelle Saint Germain and Claudio Geuna and Andrei Gheata and Mihaela Gheata and Bruno Ghidini and Prameet Ghosh and Paola Gianotti and Martin Robert Girard and Gianfranco Giraudo and Paulo Giubellino and Ewa Gladysz-Dziadus and P. Gl{\"a}ssel and Roberto Gomez and Elena G{\'o}nzalez Ferreiro and Humberto Gonz{\'a}lez Santos and L. H. Gonz{\'a}lez-Trueba and P. Gonz{\'a}lez-Zamora and Sergey Gorbunov and Sven Gotovac and Varlen Grabski and R. Grajcarek and Alessandro Grelli and Andcristian Grigoras and Costin Grigoras and Vladimir Grigoriev and Alexander Grigoryan and Smbat Grigoryan and Borys V. Grinyov and N. Grion and Patrick. Gros and Jan Fiete Grosse-Oetringhaus and J. I. Grossiord and Raffaele Grosso and Fedor Guber and Rachid Guernane and Cesar Guerra Gutierrez and Barbara Guerzoni and Kristjan Herlache Gulbrandsen and Toshihiro Gunji and Arunava Gupta and Renu Gupta and Heidrun Gutbrod and {\O}ivind {\O}ivind Haaland and Cynthia Marie Hadjidakis and Maria Haiduc and Hideyuki Hamagaki and Gergoe Hamar and John William Kendal Harris and Matthias Hartig and Delia Hasch and Dumitru Haşegan and Despoina Hatzifotiadou and Anush Hayrapetyan and Marcus Heide and Mike Heinz and Haavard Helstrup and Andrei Ionut Herghelegiu and Carlos Hern{\'a}ndez and Gerardo Herrera Corral and Norbert Herrmann and Kristin Fanebust Hetland and Betsy S. Hicks and Per Thomas Hille and B. and Hippolyte and Takuma Horaguchi and Yoichi Hori and Plamen Hristov and I. Hrivnacova and Min-xin Huang and Stefan Huber and Thomas John Humanic and Doyeon Hwang and Raphaelle Ichou and Radiy Ilkaev and Iryna Ilkiv and Minoru Inaba and Elisa Incani and Gian Michele Innocenti and Pier Giorgio Innocenti and Mikhail Ippolitov and Muhammad Irfan and Christian Ivan and Aleksei Ivanov and Momchil Ivanov and Vitalii Ivanov and A. Jachołkowski and Peter Martin Jacobs and L. Jancurov{\'a} and Savita Jangal and Roy Janik and Satabdy Jena and Lennart Stig Jirden and Gregory Todd Jones and Christopher LaDon Jones and Predrag Jovanovic and Hee Jung and Wolf Jung and Andrew Jusko and Sebastian Kalcher and P. Kaliň{\'a}k and Marina Kalisky and Tuomo Esa Aukusti Kalliokoski and Alexander Kalweit and Rene Kamermans and Katerina Kanaki and Eunjin Kang and Jiwoo Kang and Vg. Kaplin and O. V. Karavichev and Tatiana Karavicheva and E. Karpechev and Alexandre Kazantsev and Udo Kebschull and Ralf Keidel and Mohammed Mohisin Khan and Sohail Ahmad Khan and A. V. Khanzadeev and Yury Kharlov and Bjarte Kileng and Dong Ju Kim and Dae Sin Kim and D. W. Kim and Hyun Na Kim and Jeong Hyun Kim and Jong Soo Kim and Min Jung Kim and Soon Ho Kim and St'ephane Kirsch and Ivan Kisel and Sergey Kiselev and Adam Kisiel and Jennifer Lynn Klay and Jacob Klein and Christian Klein-B{\"o}sing and Michael Kliemant and A. Klovning and Alexander Kluge and Michael Linus Knichel and Kristof Koch and Markus Konrad K{\"o}hler and Rodion Kolevatov and A. Kolojvari and Vladimir Stepanovic Kondratiev and Natalia V. Kondratyeva and A. Konevskih and E. Kornaś and Chamath Kottachchi Kankanamge Don and Ravdeep Kour and Maciej Kowalski and Serge Kox and Greeshma Koyithatta Meethaleveedu and Kostiantyn Kozlov and Jason Kral and Ivan Kr{\'a}lik and Frederick F. Kramer and I Evgeny Kraus and Tobias Krawutschke and Mathis Kretz and Marian Krivda and Filip Krizek and D. Krumbhorn and Miroslav Krus and Evgeny Kryshen and Mikolaj Krzewicki and Y. Kucheriaev and Christian Claude Kuhn and Paulus Gerardus Kuijer and Podist Kurashvili and Alexander Kurepin and Alexey Kuryakin and Svetlana Kushpil and Vasilij Kushpil and Minho Jang Kweon and Young-sun Kwon and P La Rocca and P Ladr{\'o}n de Guevara and Vincent Lafage and C{\'e}cile Lara and Antoine Xavier Lardeux and Dag Toppe Larsen and Cristina Lazzeroni and Y. Le Bornec and Russ Lea and Kyu-Sung Lee and Steve C. Lee and Franck Lef{\`e}vre and Jorg Lehnert and Lars Leistam and Matthieu Laurent Lenhardt and V. Lenti and I. Le{\'o}n Monz{\'o}n and Hermes Le{\'o}n Vargas and P{\'e}ter L{\'e}vai and Xiao Cong Li and J. Lien and Roman Jusko Lietava and Svein Lindal and Volker Lindenstruth and Christian Lippmann and Michael Annan Lisa and Lixin Liu and Per Ivar Loenne and Vera Reneee Loggins and Vadim P. Loginov and Stefan Lohn and Constantin Loizides and Kai Krister Loo and Xi{\'a}n L{\'o}pez and Myrna Delfina L{\'o}pez Noriega and Ernesto Lopez Torres and Gunnar L{\o}vh{\o}iden},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2010},
  volume={105 25},
  pages={
          252301
        }
}
The first measurement of the charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair √ S NN = 2.76 TeV is presented. For an event sample corresponding to the most central 5% of the hadronic cross section, the pseudorapidity density of primary charged particles at midrapidity is 1584 ± 4(stat) ± 76(syst), which corresponds to 8.3 ± 0.4(syst) per participating nucleon pair. This represents an increase of about a factor 1.9 relative to… CONTINUE READING

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