Charge transport in manganites: Hopping conduction, the anomalous Hall effect, and universal scaling

Abstract

The low-temperature Hall resistivity rxy of La2/3A1/3MnO3 single crystals ~where A stands for Ca, Pb, and Ca, or Sr! can be separated into ordinary and anomalous contributions, giving rise to ordinary and anomalous Hall effects, respectively. However, no such decomposition is possible near the Curie temperature which, in these systems, is close to metal-to-insulator transition. Rather, for all of these compounds and to a good approximation, the rxy data at various temperatures and magnetic fields collapse ~up to an overall scale!, on to a single function of the reduced magnetization m[M /M sat , the extremum of this function lying at m'0.4. A mechanism for the anomalous Hall effect in the inelastic hopping regime, which reproduces these scaling curves, is identified. This mechanism, which is an extension of Holstein’s model for the ordinary Hall effect in the hopping regime, arises from the combined effects of the double-exchange-induced quantal phase in triads of Mn ions and spin-orbit interactions. We identify processes that lead to the anomalous Hall effect for localized carriers and, along the way, analyze issues of quantum interference in the presence of phononassisted hopping. Our results suggest that, near the ferromagnet-to-paramagnet transition, it is appropriate to describe transport in manganites in terms of carrier hopping between states that are localized due to the combined effect of magnetic and nonmagnetic disorder. We attribute the qualitative variations in resistivity characteristics across manganite compounds to the differing strengths of their carrier self-trapping, and conclude that both disorder-induced localization and self-trapping effects are important for transport.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{LyandaGeller2001ChargeTI, title={Charge transport in manganites: Hopping conduction, the anomalous Hall effect, and universal scaling}, author={Y. B. Lyanda-Geller and Sae Hwan Chun and Myron B. Salamon and Paul M. Goldbart and P. D. Han and Yasuhide Tomioka and Atsushi Asamitsu and Yoshinori Tokura}, year={2001} }