Charge quantization from a number operator

@article{Furey2014ChargeQF,
  title={Charge quantization from a number operator},
  author={C. Furey},
  journal={Physics Letters B},
  year={2014},
  volume={742},
  pages={195-199}
}
  • C. Furey
  • Published 6 March 2015
  • Physics
  • Physics Letters B
Abstract We explain how an unexpected algebraic structure, the division algebras, can be seen to underlie a generation of quarks and leptons. From this new vantage point, electrons and quarks are simply excitations from the neutrino, which formally plays the role of a vacuum state. Using the ladder operators which exist within the system, we build a number operator in the usual way. It turns out that this number operator, divided by 3, mirrors the behaviour of electric charge. As a result, we… Expand

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