# Charge dynamics in quantum-circuit refrigeration: Thermalization and microwave gain

@article{Hsu2021ChargeDI, title={Charge dynamics in quantum-circuit refrigeration: Thermalization and microwave gain}, author={Hao Hsu and Matti Silveri and Vasilii Sevriuk and Mikko M{\"o}tt{\"o}nen and Gianluigi Catelani}, journal={AVS Quantum Science}, year={2021} }

Charge dynamics in quantum-circuit refrigeration: thermalization and microwave gain Hao Hsu,1 Matti Silveri,2 Vasilii Sevriuk,3, 4 Mikko Möttönen,3, 5 and Gianluigi Catelani1 1)JARA Institute for Quantum Information (PGI-11), Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany 2)Nano and Molecular Systems Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland 3)QCD Labs, QTF Centre of Excellence, Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University, P.O. Box 13500, FI-00076 Aalto…

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The recent progress in direct active cooling of the quantum‐electric degrees of freedom in engineered circuits, or quantum‐circuit refrigeration is reviewed. In 2017, the discovery of a…

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