Characterological versus behavioral self-blame: inquiries into depression and rape.

@article{JanoffBulman1979CharacterologicalVB,
  title={Characterological versus behavioral self-blame: inquiries into depression and rape.},
  author={Ronnie Janoff-Bulman},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1979},
  volume={37 10},
  pages={
          1798-809
        }
}
  • R. Janoff-Bulman
  • Published 1979
  • Psychology
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Two types of self-blame--behavioral and characterological--are distinguished. Behavioral self-blame is control related, involves attributions to a modifiable source (one's behavior), and is associated with a belief in the future avoidability of a negative outcome. Characterological self-blame is esteem related, involves attributions to a relatively nonmodifiable source (one's character), and is associated with a belief in personal deservingness for past negative outcomes. Two studies are… 
Self-Blame and Sex-Role Beliefs in Domestic Violence Victims.
ABSTRACT A differentiation between two types of self-blame, behavioral and characterological, has been suggested. Behavioral self-blame is control-related and pertains to attributions made to one's
Victim attributions and post-rape trauma.
  • P. Frazier
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
TLDR
Both kinds of self-blame were significantly associated with increased post-rape depression, and attributions strongly predicted adjustment, accounting for up to 67% of the variance in 3-day post- rape depression.
Esteem and control bases of blame: “Adaptive” strategies for victims versus observers
An experiment was conducted to determine the esteem and control correlates of behavioral and characterological blame for victims and observers. On the basis of a proposed motivation to minimize
Behavioral and characterological attributional styles as predictors of depression and loneliness: review, refinement, and test.
TLDR
Empirical issues regarding possible methodological refinements and effect size, as well as the value of categorical approaches to the study of attributional style were discussed.
Behavioral and characterological attributional styles as predictors of depression and loneliness: review, refinement, and test.
The literature on self-blame and depression reveals two interrelated problems. First, although R. Janoff-Bulman's (1979) conceptualizations of self-blame are clear, empirical operationalization is
Causal Attributions and Recovery from Rape: Implications for Counseling.
One factor related to postrape trauma is the survivor's belief about the cause of the rape. Most research to date on the relation between causal attributions and postrape recovery has been guided by
Relative preference and adaptiveness of behavioral blame for observers of rape victims.
TLDR
Observers viewed one of nine dramatized videotaped interviews of a rape victim describing her rape and found behavioral blame was significantly greater than characterological blame when the victim was careless or when no information was provided about behavior, regardless of the victim's character.
Characterological and behavioral self-blame in children: Assessment and development considerations
Abstract A new instrument, the Why It Happened questionnaire, was developed for assessing characterological and behavior self-blame in two samples of third- through ninth-grade children (Sample 1: n
Self-blame tendency of bullied victims in elementary and secondary schools
ABSTRACT The current scales for self-blame are not suitable for school bullying scenarios and most lack validity. This study used a self-developed scale to measure bullied victims’ tendency to
Self-blame among parents of infants with perinatal complications: the role of self-protective motives.
TLDR
Results of a post hoc path analysis were consistent with the hypothesis that greater perceived severity may produce greater self-blame, which in turn may play an indirect role in adaptation through its association with the belief that a recurrence could be prevented.
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