Characterizing the Usage, Evolution and Impact of Java Annotations in Practice

@article{Yu2021CharacterizingTU,
  title={Characterizing the Usage, Evolution and Impact of Java Annotations in Practice},
  author={Zhongxing Yu and Chenggang Bai and Lionel Seinturier and Monperrus Martin},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering},
  year={2021},
  volume={47},
  pages={969-986}
}
Annotations have been formally introduced into Java since Java 5. Since then, annotations have been widely used by the Java community for different purposes, such as compiler guidance and runtime processing. Despite the ever-growing use, there is still limited empirical knowledge about the actual usage of annotations in practice, the changes made to annotations during software evolution, and the potential impact of annotations on code quality. To fill this gap, we perform the first large-scale… 

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