Characterizing quantum supremacy in near-term devices

@article{Boixo2016CharacterizingQS,
  title={Characterizing quantum supremacy in near-term devices},
  author={Sergio Boixo and Sergei V. Isakov and Vadim N. Smelyanskiy and Ryan Babbush and Nan Ding and Zhang Jiang and Michael J. Bremner and John M. Martinis and Hartmut Neven},
  journal={Nature Physics},
  year={2016},
  volume={14},
  pages={595-600}
}
A critical question for quantum computing in the near future is whether quantum devices without error correction can perform a well-defined computational task beyond the capabilities of supercomputers. Such a demonstration of what is referred to as quantum supremacy requires a reliable evaluation of the resources required to solve tasks with classical approaches. Here, we propose the task of sampling from the output distribution of random quantum circuits as a demonstration of quantum supremacy… 

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