Characterizing and Mitigating Intraday Variability: Reconstructing Source Structure in Accreting Black Holes with mm-VLBI

@article{Broderick2022CharacterizingAM,
  title={Characterizing and Mitigating Intraday Variability: Reconstructing Source Structure in Accreting Black Holes with mm-VLBI},
  author={Avery E. Broderick and Roman Gold and Boris Georgiev and Dominic W. Pesce and Paul Tiede and Chunchong Ni and Kotaro Moriyama and Kazunori Akiyama and Antxon Alberdi and Walter Alef and Juan Carlos Algaba and Richard Anantua and Keiichi Asada and Rebecca Azulay and Uwe Bach and Anne-Kathrin Baczko and David Ball and Mislav Balokovi{\'c} and John Barrett and Michi Baub{\"o}ck and Bradford A. Benson and Dan Bintley and Lindy L. Blackburn and Raymond Blundell and Katherine L. Bouman and Geoffrey C. Bower and Hope Boyce and Michael Bremer and Christiaan D. Brinkerink and Roger Brissenden and Silke Britzen and Dominique Broguiere and Thomas Bronzwaer and Sandra Bustamante and Do-young Byun and John E. Carlstrom and Chiara Ceccobello and Andrew Chael and Chi-kwan Chan and Koushik Chatterjee and Shami Chatterjee and Ming-Tang Chen and Yongjun 永 军 Chen 陈 and Xiaopeng Cheng and Ilje Cho and Pierre Christian and Nicholas S. Conroy and John E. Conway and James M. Cordes and Thomas M. Crawford and Geoffrey B. Crew and Alejandro Cruz-Osorio and Yuzhu 玉竹 Cui 崔 and Jordy Davelaar and Mariafelicia De Laurentis and Roger Deane and Jessica Dempsey and Gregory Desvignes and Jason Dexter and Vedant Dhruv and Sheperd S. Doeleman and Sean Dougal and Sergio A. Dzib and Ralph P. Eatough and Razieh Emami and Heino Falcke and Joseph R. Farah and Vincent L. Fish and Edward B. Fomalont and Heather A. Ford and Raquel Fraga-Encinas and William T. Freeman and Per Friberg and Christian M. Fromm and Antonio Fuentes and Peter Galison and Charles F. Gammie and Roberto Garc{\'i}a and Olivier Gentaz and Ciriaco Goddi and Arturo I. G{\'o}mez-Ruiz and Jos{\'e} L. G{\'o}mez and Minfeng 敏峰 Gu 顾 and Mark A. Gurwell and Kazuhiro Hada and Daryl Haggard and Kari Haworth and Michael H. Hecht and Ronald Hesper and Dirk Heumann and Luis C. 子山 Ho 何 and Paul T. P. Ho and Mareki Honma and Chih-Wei L. 磊 Huang 黄 and Lei Huang and David H. Hughes and Shiro Ikeda and C. M. Violette Impellizzeri and Makoto Inoue and Sara Issaoun and David J. James and Buell T. Jannuzi and Michael Janssen and Britton Jeter and Wu 悟 Jiang 江 and Alejandra Jim{\'e}nez-Rosales and Michael D. Johnson and Svetlana G. Jorstad and Abhishek V. Joshi and Taehyun Jung and Mansour Karami and Ramesh Karuppusamy and Tomohisa Kawashima and Garrett K. Keating and Mark Kettenis and Dong-Jin Kim and Jae-Young Kim and Jongsoo Kim and Junhan Kim and Motoki Kino and Jun Yi Koay and Prashant Kocherlakota and Yutaro Kofuji and Patrick M. Koch and Shoko Koyama and Carsten Kramer and Michael Kramer and Thomas P. Krichbaum and C. Y. Kuo and Noemi La Bella and Tod R. Lauer and Daeyoung Lee and Sang-Sung Lee and Po Kin Leung and Aviad Levis and Zhiyuan 志远 Li 李 and Rocco Lico and Greg Lindahl and Michael Lindqvist and Mikhail M. Lisakov and Jun 俊 Liu 刘 and Kuo Liu and Elisabetta Liuzzo and Wen-Ping Lo and Andrei P. Lobanov and Laurent Loinard and Colin J. Lonsdale and Ru-Sen 如森 Lu 路 and Jirong 基荣 Mao 毛 and Nicola Marchili and Sera B. Markoff and Daniel P. Marrone and Alan P. Marscher and Iv{\'a}n Mart{\'i}-Vidal and Satoki Matsushita and Lynn D. Matthews and Karl M. Menten and Daniel Michalik and Izumi Mizuno and Yosuke Mizuno and James M. Moran and Monika Mościbrodzka and Cornelia M{\"u}ller and Alejandro Mus and Gibwa Musoke and Ioannis Myserlis and Andrew Nadolski and Hiroshi Nagai and Neil M. Nagar and Masanori Nakamura and Ramesh Narayan and Gopal Narayanan and Iniyan Natarajan and Antonios Nathanail and Santiago Navarro Fuentes and Joey Neilsen and Roberto Neri and Aristeidis Noutsos and Michael A. Nowak and Junghwan Oh and Hiroki Okino and H{\'e}ctor Olivares and Gisela N. Ortiz-L{\'e}on and Tomoaki Oyama and Daniel C. M. Palumbo and Georgios Filippos Paraschos and Jongho Park and Harriet Parsons and Nimesh Patel and Ue-li Pen and Vincent Pi{\'e}tu and Richard L. Plambeck and Aleksandar PopStefanija and Oliver Porth and Felix M. P{\"o}tzl and Ben S. Prather and Jorge A. Preciado-L{\'o}pez and Hung-Yi Pu and Venkatessh Ramakrishnan and Ramprasad Rao and Mark G. Rawlings and Alexander W. Raymond and Luciano Rezzolla and Angelo Ricarte and Bart Ripperda and Freek Roelofs and Alan E. E. Rogers and Eduardo Ros and Cristina Romero-Ca{\~n}izales and Arash Roshanineshat and Helge Rottmann and Alan L. Roy and Ignacio Ruiz and Chester A. Ruszczyk and Kazi L. J. Rygl and Salvador S{\'a}nchez and David S{\'a}nchez-Arg{\"u}elles and Miguel S{\'a}nchez-Portal and Mahito Sasada and Kaushik Satapathy and Tuomas Savolainen and F. P. Schloerb and Jonathan Schonfeld and Karl F. Schuster and Lijing Shao and Zhiqiang 志强 Shen 沈 and Des Small and Bong Won Sohn and Jason SooHoo and Kamal Souccar and He 赫 Sun 孙 and Fumie Tazaki and Alexandra J. Tetarenko and Remo P. J. Tilanus and Michael Titus and Pablo Torne and Efthalia Traianou and Tyler Trent and Sascha Trippe and Matthew A. Turk and I. M. van Bemmel and Huib Jan van Langevelde and Daniel R. van Rossum and Jesse Vos and Jan Wagner and Derek Ward-Thompson and J. F. C. Wardle and Jonathan Weintroub and Norbert Wex and Robert S. Wharton and Maciek Wielgus and Kaj Wiik and Gunther Witzel and Michael F. Wondrak and George N. Wong and Qingwen 庆文 Wu 吴 and Paul Yamaguchi and Doosoo Yoon and Andr{\'e} Young and K. H. Young and Ziri Younsi and Feng 峰 Yuan 袁 and Ye-Fei 业 飞 Yuan 袁 and J. Anton Zensus and Guangyao Zhao and Shuo Zhang and Shan-Shan 杉杉 Zhao 赵},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal Letters},
  year={2022},
  volume={930}
}
The extraordinary physical resolution afforded by the Event Horizon Telescope has opened a window onto the astrophysical phenomena unfolding on horizon scales in two known black holes, M87* and Sgr A*. However, with this leap in resolution has come a new set of practical complications. Sgr A* exhibits intraday variability that violates the assumptions underlying Earth aperture synthesis, limiting traditional image reconstruction methods to short timescales and data sets with very sparse (u, v… 

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First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. IV. Variability, Morphology, and Black Hole Mass

In this paper we quantify the temporal variability and image morphology of the horizon-scale emission from Sgr A*, as observed by the EHT in 2017 April at a wavelength of 1.3 mm. We find that the Sgr

First Sagittarius A* Event Horizon Telescope Results. II. EHT and Multiwavelength Observations, Data Processing, and Calibration

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