Characterizing Late Pleistocene and Holocene Stone Artefact Assemblages from Puritjarra Rock Shelter: A Long Sequence from the Australian Desert

  title={Characterizing Late Pleistocene and Holocene Stone Artefact Assemblages from Puritjarra Rock Shelter: A Long Sequence from the Australian Desert},
  author={Moya A. Smith},
  journal={Records of The Australian Museum},
  • Moya A. Smith
  • Published 29 November 2006
  • Environmental Science
  • Records of The Australian Museum
This paper presents the first detailed study of a large assemblage of late Pleistocene artefacts from the central desert. Analysis of the lithics shows show that Puritjarra rock shelter was used more intensively over time, with significant shifts in the character of occupation at 18,000, 7,500 and 800 B.P., reflecting significant re-organization of activities across the landscape. The same generalized flake and core technology appears to have been used for over 30 millennia with only limited… 
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Abstract Puntutjarpa Rockshelter was the first archaeological site excavated in the Australian desert. Dug between 1967 and 1970, the archaeological sequence was originally interpreted as a
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The Olympic Dam archaeological salvage program covers an area of 600 km2 and contains more than 16,500 archaeological sites, most of which are open scatters of stone artefacts on linear sand dunes.
Late Quaternary landscapes in Central Australia: sedimentary history and palaeoecology of Puritjarra rock shelter
  • M. Smith
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2009
Puritjarra rock shelter provides a long record of late Quaternary vegetation in the Australian arid zone. Analysis of the sedimentary history of this rock shelter is combined with reanalysis of
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Serpent's Glen Rockshelter: Report of the first Pleistocene-aged occupation sequence from the Western Desert
In this paper we present the initial report for the first Pleistocene occupation sequence to be excavated in the Western Desert of Australia, from the site of Serpent's Glen. We identify a three
Pleistocene settlement in the Australian arid zone: occupation of an inland riverine landscape in the central Australian ranges
  • P. Thorley
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1998
Recent excavations at the Kulpi Mara Rockshelter in the Palmer River catchment of central Australia have produced radiocarbon determinations spanning an archaeological sequence of 30,000 years. These
Change in the Australian desert culture: a reanalysis of tulas from Puntutjarpa
Abstract Claims for long‐term conservatism of an Australian desert adaptation are assessed by re‐examining one component of the stone artefact assemblage from Puntutjarpa, a rocksheiter in the
Pleistocene occupation in arid Central Australia
Interest in the pattern and rate of human colonization of Australia has been stimulated by the hypothesis that the arid interior of the continent was initially settled as late as 10,000–12,000 yr BP
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An examination of existing typological descriptions of the stone artefact assemblages from the Willandra Lakes facilitates the development of basic models about assemblage variability in the region.
Vegetation history from archaeological charcoals in central Australia: The late Quaternary record from Puritjarra rock shelter
Archaeological charcoals from Puritjarra rock shelter provide the first direct information about the vegetation of central Australia during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. During the late
The Changing Provenance of Red Ochre at Puritjarra Rock Shelter, Central Australia: Late Pleistocene to Present
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It has long been recognized that the Australian archaeological record documents alterations in settlement and technological strategies in the middle of the Holocene. Discussion of the cause of those
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Excavations have been carried out at a number of rockshelters in the Pilbara region of Western Australia as part of mitigative salvage work and research supported by Hamersley Iron Pty Ltd. The