Characterizing Driver Behavior on Signalized Intersection Approaches at the Onset of a Yellow-Phase Trigger

@article{Rakha2007CharacterizingDB,
  title={Characterizing Driver Behavior on Signalized Intersection Approaches at the Onset of a Yellow-Phase Trigger},
  author={Hesham A. Rakha and Ihab El-Shawarby and Jos{\'e} Reynaldo Setti},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems},
  year={2007},
  volume={8},
  pages={630-640}
}
This paper involves a field test on 60 test participants to characterize driver behavior (perception-reaction time (PRT) and stopping/running decisions) at the onset of a yellow phase. Driver behavior is analyzed for five trigger distances that are measured from the vehicle position at the start of the yellow indication to the stop bar. This paper demonstrates that the 1.0-s 85th-percentile PRT that is recommended in traffic-signal-design procedures is valid and consistent with the field… CONTINUE READING

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Key Quantitative Results

  • In terms of stopping decisions, this paper demonstrates that the probability of stopping varies from 100% at a TTI of 5.5 s to 9% at a TTI of 1.6 s.

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