The expression of iron transport genes fatDCBA in Vibrio anguillarum strain 775 is negatively regulated by two iron-responsive repressors, the Fur protein and the antisense RNA, RNAalpha. Here we report the identification of the promoter for the iron transport genes and studied the interaction between the V. anguillarum Fur protein and this promoter. The iron transport promoter was localized in a region approximately 300 base pairs upstream of fatD by both primer extension and S1 mapping analysis. High activity of the promoter was measured in response to iron depletion in the wild-type strain when a promoter-lacZ fusion was examined, whereas the promoter was constitutive in the Fur-deficient strain. Gel retardation and DNase I footprint analysis showed that Fur binds specifically to two contiguous sites comprising the promoter region and the region downstream of the transcription start site. The identified Fur binding sites showed a low degree of homology to each other as well as to the consensus sequence for the Escherichia coli Fur protein. DNase I footprints pattern suggested a sequential interaction of Fur with these two sites that renders a protection in the template strand and a hypersensitivity to the nuclease in the nontemplate strand. The periodicity of the hypersensitive sites suggested that the promoter DNA undergoes a structural change upon binding to Fur, which might play a role in the repression of gene expression.