A cis-acting region in the N-methyl-d-aspartate R1 3'-untranslated region interacts with the novel RNA-binding proteins beta subunit of alpha glucosidase II and annexin A2--effect of chronic ethanol exposure in vivo.
In this report, we have characterized the interaction of heparin with the Ca2+- and phospholipid-binding protein annexin II tetramer (AIIt). Analysis of the circular dichroism spectra demonstrated that the Ca2+-dependent binding of AIIt to heparin caused a large decrease in the alpha-helical content of AIIt from approximately 44 to 31%, a small decrease in the beta-sheet content from approximately 27 to 24%, and an increase in the unordered structure from 20 to 29%. The binding of heparin also decreased the Ca2+ concentration required for a half-maximal conformational change in AIIt from 360 to 84 microM. AIIt bound to heparin with an apparent Kd of 32 +/- 6 nM (mean +/- S.D., n = 3) and a stoichiometry of 11 +/- 0.9 mol of AIIt/mol of heparin (mean +/- S.D., n = 3). The binding of heparin to AIIt was specific as other sulfated polysaccharides did not elicit a conformational change in AIIt. A region of the p36 subunit of AIIt (Phe306-Ser313) was found to contain a Cardin-Weintraub consensus sequence for glycosaminoglycan recognition. A peptide to this region underwent a conformational change upon heparin binding. Other annexins contained the Cardin-Weintraub consensus sequence, but did not undergo a substantial conformational change upon heparin binding.