Characterization of the heparin binding properties of annexin II tetramer.

Abstract

In this report, we have characterized the interaction of heparin with the Ca2+- and phospholipid-binding protein annexin II tetramer (AIIt). Analysis of the circular dichroism spectra demonstrated that the Ca2+-dependent binding of AIIt to heparin caused a large decrease in the alpha-helical content of AIIt from approximately 44 to 31%, a small decrease in the beta-sheet content from approximately 27 to 24%, and an increase in the unordered structure from 20 to 29%. The binding of heparin also decreased the Ca2+ concentration required for a half-maximal conformational change in AIIt from 360 to 84 microM. AIIt bound to heparin with an apparent Kd of 32 +/- 6 nM (mean +/- S.D., n = 3) and a stoichiometry of 11 +/- 0.9 mol of AIIt/mol of heparin (mean +/- S.D., n = 3). The binding of heparin to AIIt was specific as other sulfated polysaccharides did not elicit a conformational change in AIIt. A region of the p36 subunit of AIIt (Phe306-Ser313) was found to contain a Cardin-Weintraub consensus sequence for glycosaminoglycan recognition. A peptide to this region underwent a conformational change upon heparin binding. Other annexins contained the Cardin-Weintraub consensus sequence, but did not undergo a substantial conformational change upon heparin binding.

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@article{Kassam1997CharacterizationOT, title={Characterization of the heparin binding properties of annexin II tetramer.}, author={Geetha Kassam and A Manro and Cornelia Braat and Polly Louie and Sandra L Fitzpatrick and David Morton Waisman}, journal={The Journal of biological chemistry}, year={1997}, volume={272 24}, pages={15093-100} }