Characterization of the LIGO detectors during their sixth science run

@article{Collaboration2014CharacterizationOT,
  title={Characterization of the LIGO detectors during their sixth science run},
  author={The Ligo Scientific Collaboration and The Virgo Collaboration J. Aasi and Jean Paul Abadie and Brad Abbott and Richard J. Abbott and T. M. C. Abbott and Matthew Robert Abernathy and T. Accadia and Fausto Acernese and Carl Adams and Todd Adams and Rana X. Adhikari and Christoph Affeldt and Michalis Agathos and Nancy Aggarwal and Odylio D. Aguiar and Parameswaran Ajith and Bruce Allen and Annalisa Allocca and E. Amador Ceron and Daniel Amariutei and R. A. Anderson and Stuart B. Anderson and Warren G. Anderson and Koji Arai and M. C. Araya and C. C. Arceneaux and Joseph Areeda and Stefan Ast and Stuart M. Aston and Pia Astone and Peter Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and L. Austin and Benjamin Aylott and Stanislav Babak and Paul T. Baker and Giulio Ballardin and Stefan W. Ballmer and J. C. B. Barayoga and Daniel H. N. Barker and Samuel Barnum and Fabrizio Barone and B. W. Barr and Lisa Barsotti and Matteo Barsuglia and Mark Andrew Barton and Imre Bartos and Riccardo Bassiri and Andrea Basti and J. C. Batch and J{\"o}ran Bauchrowitz and Th. S. Bauer and M. Bebronne and Beate Behnke and Michał Bejger and M. G. Beker and A. S. Bell and C. J. Bell and Ilya Belopolski and Gerald Bergmann and J. M. Berliner and Alessandro Bertolini and Daniel Bessis and J Betzwieser and P. T. Beyersdorf and T. Bhadbhade and I. A. Bilenko and G Billingsley and Jeremy Birch and Massimiliano Bitossi and M. A. Bizouard and Eric D. Black and James Kent Blackburn and Lindy L. Blackburn and David G Blair and Mathieu Blom and Oliver Bock and T. P. Bodiya and Michel Boer and Christina Bogan and Charlotte Z. Bond and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and Romain Bonnand and R. G. Bork and Michael Born and Sukanta Bose and L. Bosi and J. Bowers and C. Bradaschia and Patrick R. Brady and V. B. Braginsky and Marica Branchesi and Carl A. Brannen and James E. Brau and J. Breyer and Tristan Briant and D. O. Bridges and A. Brillet and Martin Brinkmann and V. Brisson and Michael Britzger and A. F. Brooks and D. A. Brown and D D Brown and Frank Bruckner and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and Alessandra Buonanno and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Robert L. Byer and Laura Cadonati and Gianpietro Cagnoli and Juan Calder{\'o}n Bustillo and Enrico Calloni and Jordan B. Camp and Paul Campsie and Kipp Cannon and Benjamin Canuel and J. Cao and Colin Capano and Franco Carbognani and Ludovico Carbone and Santiago Caride and Anthony Castiglia and Sarah Caudill and Marco Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Giancarlo Cella and Carlos Cepeda and E. Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and Tara Chalermsongsak and S. Chao and P R Charlton and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and X. Chen and Y. R. Chen and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and H. S. Cho and Jong H. Chow and Nelson Christensen and Qi Chu and Sheon S Y Chua and S. Chung and Giacomo Ciani and Filiberto Clara and Donald E. Clark and J A Clark and F. Cleva and Eugenio Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and Alberto Colla and Maria Perla Colombini and Marcio Constancio and Jr. and Andrea Conte and Roberto Conte and D. Cook and T. R. Corbitt and Mark Cordier and Neil J. Cornish and Alessandra Corsi and C. A. Costa and Michael W. Coughlin and J.-P. Coulon and Stefanie Countryman and Peter Couvares and D. M. Coward and M. J. Cowart and D. C. Coyne and Kieran Craig and Jolien D. E. Creighton and T. D. Creighton and S. Gwynne Crowder and Andrew Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and Katrin Dahl and Tito Dal Canton and Marcin Damjanic and S L Danilishin and Sabrina D’Antonio and Karsten Danzmann and Vincenzino Dattilo and Britta Daudert and H. P. Daveloza and M. Davier and G. S. Davies and E J Daw and Richard N. Day and Thilina Dayanga and Gergely Debreczeni and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Eric Deleeuw and Samuel Deleglise and Walter del Pozzo and Thomas Denker and Thomas Dent and H. Dereli and Vladimir Dergachev and Rosario De Rosa and R. T. Derosa and Riccardo DeSalvo and Sanjeev V. Dhurandhar and M. C. D{\'i}az and Alexander Dietz and L. Di Fiore and Alberto Di Lieto and I. Di Palma and Angela Di Virgilio and K. Dmitry and Frederick J. Donovan and K L Dooley and Suresh Doravari and M. Drago and Ronald W. P. Drever and Jenne C. Driggers and Zhihui Du and J-C. Dumas and Sheila E. Dwyer and Tobias Eberle and Matthew C. Edwards and Anamaria Effler and Phil Ehrens and Jan Eichholz and Stephen S. Eikenberry and G{\'a}bor Endrőczi and Reed Essick and Taylor M. Etzel and Keith Evans and Matthew Evans and T. Evans and Maxim Factourovich and V Fafone and Stephen Fairhurst and Qi Fang and B. Farr and Will M. Farr and Marc Favata and Diego Fazi and H. Fehrmann and David Feldbaum and I. Ferrante and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Lee Samuel Finn and Irene Fiori and Rebecca Fisher and R. Flaminio and Evan Foley and Suzanne Foley and Ericka Forsi and Luca Antonio Forte and Nickolas V Fotopoulos and J.-D. Fournier and S. Franco and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Maik Frede and Melissa A. Frei and Zsolt Frei and Andreas Freise and Raymond E. Frey and T. T. Fricke and P. Fritschel and Valery Victor Frolov and Masa-katsu Fujimoto and P. J. Fulda and Matthew Fyffe and Jonathan R. Gair and Luca Gammaitoni and J. Garcia and F. Garufi and N. C. Gehrels and Gianluca Gemme and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and L'aszl'o 'A. Gergely and S. Ghosh and J. A. Giaime and Stefanos Giampanis and K. D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and Sara Gil-Casanova and C. Gill and Joseph Gleason and Evan Goetz and Ryan P. Goetz and L{\'a}szl{\'o} Gond{\'a}n and Gabriela Gonz{\'a}lez and N. A. Gordon and Mikhail L. Gorodetsky and Sarah E. Gossan and Stefan Gossler and R. Gouaty and Christian Graef and Philip Graff and Massimo Granata and A. Grant and Slawomir Gras and C. Gray and R. Justin S. Greenhalgh and A M Gretarsson and Carrie Griffo and Hartmut Grote and Katherine Grover and S. Grunewald and G. Guidi and Christopher Guido and K. E. Gushwa and Eric K. Gustafson and Richard Gustafson and Bernard Hall and Evan D. Hall and David Hammer and Giles D. Hammond and M. M. Hanke and Jonathan Hanks and Chad Hanna and James E. Hanson and Jan Harms and Gregory M. Harry and I. W. Harry and Elizabeth Harstad and Michael T. Hartman and K. Haughian and Kazuhiro Hayama and J. W. Heefner and Antoine Heidmann and Matthew Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and Gary Hemming and Martin Hendry and Ik Siong Heng and Alastair Heptonstall and Mich{\`e}le Heurs and Stefan Hild and David C. Hoak and Kari Alison Hodge and K. Holt and Theodore S. Hong and Shaun Hooper and Travis Horrom and D. J. Hosken and James Hough and E J Howell and Y. M. Hu and Zd Hua and V. Huang and Eliu A. Huerta and Barbara J. Hughey and Sascha Husa and S. H. Huttner and M. Huynh and T. Huynh--Dinh and J. P. Iafrate and D. R. Ingram and Ra Inta and Tomoki Isogai and Andrew Ivanov and Bala R. Iyer and Keisuke Izumi and M. B. Jacobson and E. James and H. J. Jang and Young Joon Jang and Piotr Jaranowski and F. Jim{\'e}nez-Forteza and W. W. Johnson and D. I. Jones and D. I. Jones and R. Jones and R. J. G. Jonker and Li Ju and K. Haris and Peter Kalmus and Vicky Kalogera and S Kandhasamy and G. W. Kang and Jonah Kanner and Marie Kasprzack and Rangachar Kasturi and Erotokritos Katsavounidis and William G. Katzman and Henning Kaufer and K. A. Kaufman and Keita Kawabe and Seiji Kawamura and Fumiko Kawazoe and Fabien K{\'e}f{\'e}lian and David Keitel and David Bruce Kelley and William P. Kells and Drew Garvin Keppel and Alexander Khalaidovski and Farid Ya. Khalili and E. A. Khazanov and B. K. Kim and C Kim and K. Kim and N. G. Kim and W. S. Kim and Y.-M. Kim and Eleanor J King and P. J. King and D. L. Kinzel and J S Kissel and Sergey Klimenko and J. T. Kline and S. M. Koehlenbeck and Keiko Kokeyama and V. T. Kondrashov and Scott Koranda and William Z Korth and Izabela Jonek Kowalska and Darby Kozak and Anthony Kremin and V. Kringel and Badri Krishnan and Andrzej Kr{\'o}lak and Chris J. Kucharczyk and Sylwia Kudła and G. Kuehn and A. Kumar and D. Nanda Kumar and P. Kumar and R. Kumar and R. Kurdyumov and Patrick Kwee and Michael Landry and Brian Lantz and Shane L. Larson and Paul D. Lasky and Craig Lawrie and Albert Lazzarini and Paola Leaci and Eric O. Lebigot and C-H. Lee and H. K. Lee and H. m. Lee and J. S. H. Lee and Matteo Leonardi and Jonathan Leong and Adrien Le Roux and Nicolas Leroy and Nicolas Letendre and B. M. Levine and Jeffrey B. Lewis and Vincent Lhuillier and T. G. F. Li and Angie C. Lin and Tyson B. Littenberg and V. Litvine and F. Liu and H. Liu and Y. Liu and Z. Liu and David Lloyd and N. A. Lockerbie and Vera Lockett and Deepali Lodhia and Kevin Michael Loew and Joshua Logue and A. L. Lombardi and Marco Lorenzini and Vincent Loriette and Marc Lormand and Giovanni Losurdo and James Lough and Jing Luan and M. J. Lubinski and Harald Luck and Andrew Lundgren and John Macarthur and E. P. Macdonald and B. Machenschalk and Myron Macinnis and D Macleod and Fabian Maga{\~n}a-Sandoval and M. Mageswaran and K. Mailand and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and Valeria Malvezzi and Na Man and Gian Mario Manca and Ilya Mandel and Vuk Mandic and Vanessa Mangano and Maddalena Mantovani and Fabio Marchesoni and F. Marion and Szabolcs M{\'a}rka and Zsuzsanna Marka and Ashot Markosyan and Edward Maros and J. Marque and F. Martelli and Lionel Martellini and Iain W. Martin and R. M. Martin and Denis Martynov and J. N. Marx and K. O. Mason and A. Masserot and Thomas Massinger and F. Matichard and Luca Matone and Richard A. Matzner and Nergis Mavalvala and G. May and N. Mazumder and Giulio Mazzolo and R. McCarthy and D. E. McClelland and Scott C. McGuire and G. McIntyre and Jess McIver and Duncan Meacher and Grant David Meadors and Moritz Mehmet and Jeroen Meidam and Torsten Meier and Andrew Melatos and Greg Mendell and R. A. Mercer and Sydney Meshkov and Chris Messenger and Manuel Meyer and Haixing Miao and Christophe Michel and Eugeniy Mikhailov and Leopoldo Milano and J. R. Miller and Yury Minenkov and Chiara M. F. Mingarelli and Subhasish Mitra and Vp. Mitrofanov and Gena Mitselmakher and Richard K Mittleman and Brian Moe and M. Mohan and Satyanarayan Ray Pitambar Mohapatra and Felicitas Mokler and Daniel Moraru and Gerardo Moreno and N. Morgado and Taiki Mori and Sarah Morriss and Kasem Mossavi and B. Mours and Conor M Mow-Lowry and Chris L Mueller and Guido Mueller and Soma Mukherjee and Adam J Mullavey and Jesper Munch and David Murphy and P. G. Murray and Antonis Mytidis and M{\'a}t{\'e} Ferenc Nagy and Ilaria Nardecchia and Thomas Nash and Luca Naticchioni and Rabindranath Nayak and Valentin Necula and Igor Neri and G. P. Newton and T. T.-H. Nguyen and Erina Nishida and Atsushi J. Nishizawa and Alexander H. Nitz and F. Nocera and Dan Nolting and Marc Eric Normandin and Laura K Nuttall and Evan Ochsner and Joseph O'Dell and Eric Oelker and G. H. Ogin and J J Oh and S. H. Oh and Frank Ohme and Patrick Oppermann and Brian O'reilly and W. Ortega Larcher and Richard O’Shaughnessy and Charles Osthelder and Christian D. Ott and David J. Ottaway and R. S. Ottens and James Ou and Harry Overmier and Benjamin J. Owen and Cinthia Padilla and Archana Pai and Cristiano Palomba and Y. B. Pan and Chris Pankow and Federico Paoletti and Riccardo Paoletti and Maria Alessandra Papa and H. R. Paris and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and M. Pedraza and Prabath Peiris and Stephen Penn and Antonio Perreca and M. Phelps and Mikhael Pichot and M. Pickenpack and Francesco Piergiovanni and Vincenzo Pierro and L. Pinard and Bart Pindor and Innocenzo M. Pinto and Matthew Pitkin and J. H. Poeld and R. Poggiani and V. Poole and C. Poux and Valeriu Predoi and Tanner Prestegard and Larry R. Price and M. Prijatelj and M. Principe and Stephen Privitera and Giovanni Andrea Prodi and L G Prokhorov and Oliver Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and Volker Quetschke and Eric Antonio Quintero and Ryan Quitzow-James and F. J. Raab and D. S. Rabeling and Istv{\'a}n R{\'a}cz and Hugh Radkins and P{\'e}ter Raffai and Sendhil Raja and G. Rajalakshmi and Malik Rakhmanov and Celine Ramet and P. Rapagnani and V Raymond and Virginia Re and C. M. Reed and T. Reed and Tania Regimbau and Stuart Reid and David Reitze and F. Ricci and R. Riesen and Keith Riles and N. A. Robertson and Florent Robinet and Alessandro Rocchi and Shaun Roddy and Carl L. Rodriguez and Michael Rodruck and Christian Roever and Lo{\"i}c Rolland and Jameson Graef Rollins and Rocco Romano and Gleb Romanov and Janeen H. Romie and Dorota Rosińska and Sheila Rowan and A. Rudiger and P. Ruggi and Kris Ryan and Francesco Salemi and Letizia Sammut and V. D. Sandberg and Joyce Sanders and Virginio Sannibale and I. Santiago-Prieto and Emeline Saracco and Beno{\^i}t Sassolas and Bangalore Sathyaprakash and Peter Saulson and Richard L. Savage and Roland Schilling and Roman Schnabel and Robert M. S. Schofield and Emil Schreiber and Daniel R. Schuette and Bernhard Schulz and Bernard F. Schutz and P. B. Schwinberg and J. Scott and Susan M. Scott and Frank Seifert and Danny Sellers and Anand S. Sengupta and Daniel Sentenac and A. M. Sergeev and Daniel A. Shaddock and Shams Ullah Shah and M. Selim Shahriar and Miroslav Shaltev and B. Shapiro and Peter S Shawhan and D. H. Shoemaker and Trevor Sidery and Karelle Siellez and Xavier Siemens and Daniel Sigg and Denis Simakov and Andrej Singer and Leo P. Singer and Alicia M. Sintes and G. R. Skelton and Bram J. J. Slagmolen and Jacob Slutsky and J. R. Smith and M. R. Smith and R Smith and Nicol{\'a}s Smith-Lefebvre and K. Soden and E J Son and Borja Sorazu and Tarun Souradeep and Laura Sperandio and Alexa Staley and E. Steinert and Jessica Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and S. Steplewski and D. Stevens and Alberto Stochino and Robert Stone and Kenneth Strain and Sergey Strigin and Alexander Stroeer and Riccardo Sturani and Al. Stuver and Tiffany Summerscales and Sunil Susmithan and P. Sutton and Bas Swinkels and Gabor Szeifert and Matteo Tacca and Dipongkar Talukder and L. Tang and David B. Tanner and S. P. Tarabrin and R. D. Taylor and A. P. M. ter Braack and Mirunalini Thirugnanasambandam and M. Thomas and Pieter Thomas and Keith A. Thorne and Kip S. Thorne and Eric Thrane and Vaibhav Tiwari and K. Tokmakov and C. Tomlinson and Alessandra Toncelli and Mauro Tonelli and O. Torre and Cristina Torres and Calum I. Torrie and Flavio Travasso and Gary Traylor and M. Tse and Dennis Wayne Ugolini and C. S. Unnikrishnan and Henning Vahlbruch and Gabriele Vajente and Michele Vallisneri and J. F. J. van den Brand and Chris van den Broeck and S. van. der. Putten and Mv van der Sluys and Joris van Heijningen and A. A. van Veggel and Steve Vass and M{\'a}ty{\'a}s Vas{\'u}th and Ruslan Vaulin and Alberto Vecchio and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and Peter J. Veitch and Krishna Venkateswara and D. Verkindt and S. S. Verma and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer{\'e} and Rachel E. Vincent-Finley and J.-Y. Vinet and Salvatore Vitale and Brian J. Vlcek and Thomas Vo and Helios Vocca and Cheryl Vorvick and W. D. Vousden and Daniel Vrinceanu and S. P. Vyachanin and Andrew R. Wade and Leslie Wade and Madeline Wade and Samuel J. Waldman and Marissa Walker and L. Wallace and Youping Wan and J. Z. Wang and M. Wang and X. F. Wang and Alexander Wanner and Robert L. Ward and Michal Was and Betsy Weaver and L.-W. Wei and Michael Weinert and Alan J. Weinstein and Rainer Weiss and Timothy A. Welborn and Longping Wen and Peter Wessels and M. West and Tobias Westphal and Karl Wette and John T. Whelan and S. E. Whitcomb and Darren J. White and Bernard F. Whiting and S. Wibowo and Karsten Wiesner and Clive R. Wilkinson and L. P. Williams and R. Williams and T. Williams and Josh Willis and Benno Willke and M. H. Wimmer and Lutz Winkelmann and Walter Winkler and Christopher C. Wipf and Holger Wittel and Graham Woan and John R. Worden and Joshua Yablon and Igor Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and Cregg C. Yancey and H. Yang and David Yeaton-Massey and Shuhei Yoshida and Honam Yum and M. Yvert and Adam Zadrożny and Michele Zanolin and Jean Pierre Zendri and F. Zhang and L. Zhang and C Zhao and H. Zhu and X J Zhu and Natalia V. Zotov and Michael Edward Zucker},
  journal={Classical and Quantum Gravity},
  year={2014},
  volume={32}
}
In 2009–2010, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) operated together with international partners Virgo and GEO600 as a network to search for gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. The sensitivity of these detectors was limited by a combination of noise sources inherent to the instrumental design and its environment, often localized in time or frequency, that couple into the GW readout. Here we review the performance of the LIGO instruments during this epoch… 

Environmental influences on the LIGO gravitational wave detectors during the 6th science run

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Characterization of transient noise in Advanced LIGO relevant to gravitational wave signal GW150914

On 14 September 2015, a gravitational wave signal from a coalescing black hole binary system was observed by the Advanced LIGO detectors. This paper describes the transient noise backgrounds used to

Characterization of transient noise in Advanced LIGO relevant to gravitational wave signal GW150914

The transient noise backgrounds used to determine the significance of the event (designated GW150914) are described and the results of investigations into potential correlated or uncorrelated sources of transient noise in the detectors around the time of theevent are presented.

Review of the Advanced LIGO Gravitational Wave Observatories Leading to Observing Run Four

Gravitational waves from binary black hole and neutron star mergers are being regularly detected. As of 2021, 90 confident gravitational wave detections have been made by the LIGO and Virgo

The Advanced LIGO photon calibrators.

The design, implementation, and operation of these Advanced LIGO photon calibrators that are currently providing fiducial displacements on the order of 10-18m/Hz with accuracy and precision of better than 1% are reported on.

Performance Characterization of the Dual-Recycled Michelson Subsystem in Advanced LIGO

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Improving the data quality of Advanced LIGO based on early engineering run results

The Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors have completed their initial upgrade phase and will enter the first observing run in late 2015, with detector

The Hunt for Environmental Noise in Virgo during the Third Observing Run

The first twenty years of operation of gravitational-wave interferometers have shown that these detectors are affected by physical disturbances from the surrounding environment. These are seismic,

Characterizing transient noise in the LIGO detectors

  • L. Nuttall
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2018
Several examples of transient noise and the tools used to track them are presented to highlight the diverse range of noise sources present at the LIGO detectors during their second observing run.

A guide to LIGO–Virgo detector noise and extraction of transient gravitational-wave signals

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration have cataloged eleven confidently detected gravitational-wave events during the first two observing runs of the advanced detector era.
...

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