Characterization of the Aerial Escape Response of the African Butterfly Fish, Pantodon buchholzi Peters

@article{Saidel2004CharacterizationOT,
  title={Characterization of the Aerial Escape Response of the African Butterfly Fish, Pantodon buchholzi Peters},
  author={William M. Saidel and Gabriel F. Strain and Shannon K. Fornari},
  journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes},
  year={2004},
  volume={71},
  pages={63-72}
}
We studied the startle response of the African butterfly fish, Pantodon buchholzi (Osteoglossomorpha, Osteoglossoidea). It is an upward movement, mediated by abduction of the pectoral fins, and is elicited by mechanical and visual stimuli. Because this fish inhabits the first few centimeters beneath the water surface, its startle response results in an aerial excursion that may be described as ballistic-like, following a motion as defined by linear acceleration. We show that the aerial… 

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