Characterization of the Aerial Escape Response of the African Butterfly Fish, Pantodon buchholzi Peters

  title={Characterization of the Aerial Escape Response of the African Butterfly Fish, Pantodon buchholzi Peters},
  author={William M. Saidel and Gabriel F. Strain and Shannon K. Fornari},
  journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes},
We studied the startle response of the African butterfly fish, Pantodon buchholzi (Osteoglossomorpha, Osteoglossoidea). It is an upward movement, mediated by abduction of the pectoral fins, and is elicited by mechanical and visual stimuli. Because this fish inhabits the first few centimeters beneath the water surface, its startle response results in an aerial excursion that may be described as ballistic-like, following a motion as defined by linear acceleration. We show that the aerial… 

Aerial Jumping in the Trinidadian Guppy (Poecilia reticulata)

It is suggested that jumping has evolved in guppies as a behavioral phenotype for dispersal, with waterfalls reducing gene flow and constraining dispersal.

Characterization and management implications of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) jumping behavior in response to motorized watercraft

This is the first study to model silver carp jumping in response to motorized watercraft and can aid fisheries managers in predicting the direction and location of airborne fish to develop effective herding and capture methods.

Fast and Singular Muscle Responses Initiate the Startle Response of Pantodon buchholzi (Osteoglossomorpha)

Electrophysiological evidence is presented indicating that the innervating motor neurons are suppressed for seconds following a stimulus, suggesting a Mauthner neuron-related response, only with the behavior occurring in the vertical plane.

A new stem-neopterygian fish from the Middle Triassic of China shows the earliest over-water gliding strategy of the vertebrates

The discovery of exceptionally well-preserved fossils of a new thoracopterid flying fish from the Middle Triassic of China represents the earliest evidence of an over-water gliding strategy in vertebrates and supports the hypothesis that the re-establishment of marine ecosystems after end-Permian mass extinction is more rapid than previously thought.

Archer fish jumping prey capture: kinematics and hydrodynamics

Archer fish are unique aquatic predators capable of jumping multiple body lengths straight up out of the water using oscillatory caudal fin kinematics, in concert with other fins, for propulsion and stabilization.

Characterization of the Jumping Behavior of Archer Fish, Toxotes Microlepis

Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to investigate the hydrodynamics of propulsion during thrust production at the onset of the jumping maneuver and lays the groundwork for an in depth analysis of the impulsive jumping behavior of Archer fish.

Hydrodynamics of jumping in archer fish, Toxotes microlepis

The maneuvering of fish is not only of interest to those wishing to better understand how fish function, but also is a great inspiration for designing underwater vehicles. This thesis provides the

Evolution of the Mauthner Axon Cap

Phylogenetic mapping shows that through evolution there are discrete transitions in axon cap morphology occurring at the base of gnathostomes, within basal actinopterygians, and at the Base of the teleost radiation.

Plankton reach new heights in effort to avoid predators

A novel anti-predator behaviour in two neustonic copepod species is described, where individuals frequently exit the water surface and travel many times their own body length through air to avoid predators.



How and why do flying fish fly?

  • J. Davenport
  • Environmental Science
    Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
  • 2004
Evidence is presented to show that it is unlikely that flying fish are capable of flight at temperatures below 20 °C because of fundamental limitations of muscle function, and to indicate that smaller flying fish gain positive benefits to their swimming performance from possession of expanded lateral fins.

Fish Bulletin No. 3. The Spawning of the Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis)

Author(s): Thompson, Will F; Thompson, Julia Bell | Abstract: On moonlit nights during the high tides of March, April, May and June, a small smelt comes in on the long sandy beaches of California. It

Fish Bulletin No. 10. The Life History of Leuresthes Tenuis, an Atherine Fish with Tide Controlled Spawning Habits

Author(s): Clark, Frances N | Abstract: The highly specialized spawning habits of the atherine fish Leuresthes tenuis render its life history unique among those of the fishes of this family, in fact

The Mauthner-initiated startle response in teleost fish.

It is concluded that the fast-body-bend is the direct result of activation of one Mauthner cell and its spinal motor neurone pool and in four species it is described examples of apparently non-Mauthner initiated startle responses.

Comparison of mauthner cell size in teleosts

  • S. Zottoli
  • Biology, Environmental Science
    The Journal of comparative neurology
  • 1978
Differences in input to M‐cells of different sizes in conjunction with known electrophysiological properties of the goldfish M‐cell are discussed in relation to the function of this neuron.

S- and C-start escape responses of the muskellunge (Esox masquinongy) require alternative neuromotor mechanisms.

  • M. Hale
  • Biology
    The Journal of experimental biology
  • 2002
In the muskellunge, the S-start is a high-performance startle behavior with peak angular velocity and peak angular acceleration of its initial bending comparable with those of the C-start and higher than would be expected for undulatory swimming.

The Mauthner cell and other identified neurons of the brainstem escape network of fish

Wing design and scaling of flying fish with regard to flight performance

Fin and body dimensions of six genera of flying fish were examined to study variation in morphological parameters in relation to aerodynamics performance and scaling relationships for wing loading and aspect ratio indicate that wing morphology in the Exocoetidae is more similar to birds and bats than to other gliders.

Optimal Flight Path of Flying Fish

Abstract The flight path of flying fish is analyzed by two methods, a simple analytical method and a numerical method based on optimal control theory. It has been observed that flying fish fly over

The Mauthner Cell